The Problem with the President (EU Edition) – VisualPolitik EN

The Problem with the President (EU Edition) – VisualPolitik EN


Let me ask you a question… Do you know this woman? Her name is URSULA VON DER LEYEN. I must confess, I had never heard of her…
till a month ago. And just like me, neither had most Europeans. So this woman is about to become the next
EU Commission President. She will be the equivalent of Donald Trump
in the European Union: the most powerful person in Europe. And this is already official: on November
1st, she will take the oath. And OK, OK, I know what you’re thinking…
especially those of you who voted in the European elections… Who is this woman? I mean… where does she come from? Why… her? Well, I think Erik can give us more information. Of course, Simon. As you know, on May 2019 Europeans went to
the polling stations to choose the members of the European Parliament. These are legislative elections similar to
the Midterms in America or the parliamentary elections in the UK. So, the name of Ursula Von der Leyen wasn’t
on any ballot. Back then, she was just the Defense Minister
of Germany. Germans knew her but other Europeans… not
so much. And I know what you’re thinking… this
process is completely legal. In EU elections, Europeans don’t get to
choose the executive power—just the legislative one. So, technically, anybody could become president
of the commission as long as the Parliament accepts him or her. In other words, this is totally possible law-wise…
but politics-wise, it is kind of weird. Just to give an example: many people in the
UK complained about Boris Johnson becoming the Prime Minister. But, to be fair, Johnson is well known and
he was a member of the parliament. The situation with Von der Leyen would be
like choosing the mayor of Liverpool as Prime Minister just because. And yes, it is true, Von der Leyen’s appointment
is a historical event: she will be the first woman to rule Europe. Her name will appear next to other pioneers
like Angela Merkel and Margaret Thatcher. And maybe she’ll become a big historical
figure like them. She might become a great president. But today’s question is… Can we say the European Union is a real democracy
if Von Der Leyen was chosen without being voted in? What’s the EU Commission’s president’s
role? Today we are going to answer those questions,
but before we do, let’s take a look back at the history. THE BRUSSELS BUBBLE
In the year 1992, the Maastricht Treaty was signed. We could say this was the moment when the
European Union, with its capital in Brussels, started. Until that moment, the European Single Market
was only what the name suggested: a market. A very big free trade agreement that included
almost all of Western and Southern Europe. But it had almost no political power. The European Union was a giant step because
it meant that now all those countries would be bonded by a common government. Years later, creations like the EURO currency,
the Schengen Area, and many other treaties were possible. And you might wonder… could we say that
the EU is similar to the United States? Does it work as a federation, as a confederation? Well… it is hard to say. In fact, European institutions are really
hard to understand. And usually the media doesn’t really help
with this. You often hear news saying ‘Brussels said
this’ or ‘Brussels demands that thing’ but, in fact, there are 3 institutions based
in Brussels and all three are different from one another, with different roles. But don’t worry. You can understand it all very easily with
an example you all know: Article 13. In case you don’t know, Article 13 is the
common name for that EU directive on copyright that affects YouTubers so much. I’m sure you heard a lot about it. But this time, let’s not focus on what it
says, but instead on how it got passed. It all starts with the EUROPEAN COUNCIL. This is the place where the prime ministers
of all the EU member countries meet and say ‘OK, guys, we need a legislation to regulate
online copyright’. They write some general guidelines and send
it to the next guy: the EUROPEAN COMMISSION. The commission would be the equivalent of
the White House or Downing Street: this is the executive power in Europe. They have a president, a vice president, and
some commissioners that are similar to a minister or a secretary of state. So those guys read the guidelines written
by the COUNCIL and write a legislative proposal, which would be the first draft for legislation. Once they’re finished, they send it to the
legislative body, which is the EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT. This parliament works in a very similar fashion
to the US capitol or the house of commons in the UK… but it has something unique. Its members cannot come up with their own
ideas. They can only discuss the proposals sent by
the commission. For example, in the US, Ocassio Cortez is
only a congresswoman, but she can come up with her Green New Deal and try to make it
pass through Congress. A European MP couldn’t. This means that the EU Parliament is much
weaker than a normal one. So coming back to the Article 13… after
the European Parliament discusses it, they come up with their own version of the law. But there are still many details to polish. If you remember the video we made about article
13, a small detail in a piece of legislation can change an entire industry. So this is where we get to the trialogues. Trialogue is a process where representatives
from those three institutions—the council, the commission, and the parliament—meet
again to discuss the law. And finally, we have the final, polished and
discussed legislation. The final stage is when the trialogue sends
this law back to the parliament. In this case, the MEPs can vote yes or no,
but they cannot add anymore amendments. So, as we said before, in this system, the
Commission has a lot of power because they are the only ones who can send a legislative
draft to the parliament. This is why this is such a very important
question… WHO gets to choose the president of the Commission? And here is where the BIG debate starts. The president is chosen by the EU Council
and ratified by the Parliament. That is, the prime ministers of all the EU
countries get to decide who the president will be and then the parliament votes in favor
or against. This leaves the parliament in a very weak
position because they can only say yes or no, but, again, they cannot propose anybody. And this is why, 5 years ago, some politicians
proposed the SPITZENKANDIDATEN system. In this system, each political party running
for the elections must have one candidate for President. So if you vote for, say, the social democrats,
you know that they’ll fight for this specific candidate to be the EU president. Sounds fair, right? Well… there is a problem. Many political parties don’t agree with
this. Think about it… right now, the council can
choose anybody to be president. With this proposed system, they could only
choose from a very short list of SPITZENKANDIDATEN proposed by the parties. So for years, the SPITZENKANDIDATEN system
became sort of a gentlemen’s deal. Parties kind of followed this system, but
it wasn’t written down anywhere. This is how the former EU President, JEAN
CLAUDE JUNCKER, was elected in 2014. His made a coalition government between social
democrats and the People’s party. And now you might wonder… What happened during the 2019 elections? Well… what usually happens with gentlemen’s
deals… some gentlemen just break them. In this case, the Social democrats and the
People’s party didn’t have enough seats to make a government. They needed the support of the liberals…
and liberals don’t want the spitzenkandidaten system. But… why don’t they want it? And why did they end up choosing the German
Defense minister? Let’s have a look, shall we? SPITZENKANDIDATEN? NON MERCI
In Brussels, they call it the EU Top5 jobs—the 5 most powerful political positions. Those positions are: the president of the
Commission, the Vice president who deals with foreign affairs, the president of the Parliament,
the president of the Council and the president of the European Central Bank. These 5 guys are the ultimate decision makers
in Europe. So the question is… who gets to choose them? The answer is the Council. Again, the council is made up of the prime
ministers of all the member countries. Then they need the approval of the Parliament. With the spitzenkandidaten system, they would
have a bigger say in this because, at least, the parties can say who the eligible candidates
are. So who is in favour of this? Of course, the biggest political parties. Who is against it? Well… think about it. Macron’s party rejects Spitzenkandidat process
Macron, the French president, belongs to the liberal party, which is the third Group. In other words, not a big deal. But, as the President of the second biggest
country in Europe, he has a strong position on the council. Basically, having the second largest economy
in the Union gives you a lot of leverage to negotiate with the other countries. This is why usually we talk about the French-German
axis. Those two economies usually lead all the negotiations. So, basically, Macron has a big incentive
to keep the power of the council as it is now. And Germany, being the largest country both
in population and in economics, is happy too. So, at the end of the day, Macron and Merkel
sat together and said… ‘No spitzenkandidaten… we choose a German
Commission president and a French president for the European Central Bank’. And since Germany and France have the most
leverage on the council, the rest of the countries said ‘Amen’. And
this is when Ursula Von der Leyen came into the picture. Basically, she’s the perfect poster child
for the European Union: she’s German but she was born and raised in Belgium, Speaks
5 languages and has friends everywhere. Basically, she’s the kind of charismatic
person who everyone wants to be around at a cocktail party. So as soon as they introduced her to the members
of the council, the council accepted her. And I know what you’re gonna say… Come on, Simon! That can’t be it! You see, when we make political analyses,
we often try to use economic data, surveys, and complex strategies to understand a politician’s
behaviour. We often forget that politics are carried
out by humans like you and me. So, sometimes, something as stupid as telling
the right joke to the right person at the right cocktail party can drive big political
decisions. In Europe, this kind of political maneuvering
has a name: the Brussels Bubble. And who did they choose for the President
of the European Central Bank? Well… in this case, a French woman, Cristine
Lagarde, the former IMF president. This is a great deal for Macron. Basically, he’s killing two birds with one
stone. He puts a French person in power, and he makes
sure Lagarde won’t run against him. Christine Lagarde, la présidente rêvée
des Français The rest of the top Jobs went to Spain, Italy,
and the liberals. But… let’s be honest here, the biggest
winners were Germany and France. David Passoli, an Italian social democrat,
will become the next EU Parliament president. Josep Borrell will become the vice president,
and the Belgium liberal, Charles Michel, will lead the Council. So, OK, now the big question is… what is
the next step? How does Ursula Von der Layene get to choose
the commissioners? Let’s have a look. VON DER LEYEN’S TEAM
According to many surveys, the main reason why Britons voted in favor of BREXIT was not
regulations or immigration but a lack of citizen control over EU affairs. And… after everything we’ve said, we must
admit there is a little bit of truth to that. And you could say… Oh no! The parliament still could have rejected Von
der Leyen as the president! Well… look at how people can change their
opinion on the Brussels Bubble. THIS is what the People’s party Spitzenkandidaten,
MANFRED WEBER, said one day… Weber urges EU lawmakers to push back against
decisions made in ‘diplomats back rooms’ And look at what he said just one month later… Germany’s Weber urges EU lawmakers to back
von der Leyen in top job vote So it doesn’t seem to be a debate. At least, not a transparent one that we can
see in the parliament. It seems that most of the decisions are make
in a private room in that Brussels bubble. So now you might wonder… what happens next? What can we expect from Von der Leyen once
she gets into office? The first thing she’ll have to do is to
name the commissioners. As we said before, the commissioners are the
equivalent of a minister or a secretary of state in the European Union. There must be 28: one for each member country. This means that, for example, you couldn’t
have two German or two Italian commissioners. But, of course, it’s not the same being
the commissioner in charge of finance, a very important spot, as the one in charge of humanitarian
aid. It will be Von der Leyen’s job to decide
who does what. So far, all we know is that the new Government
of Europe will have parity between genders: there will be as many female commissioners
as male commissioners. And this is where the EU Parliament has the
biggest say. Because, right after Von der Leyen names her
commissioners, they will have to pass a test on the Parliament. And yes, those tests are not simple. It’s common for some commissioners to not
pass it. For example, in 2014, the Slovenian candidate
failed at the Parliament’s hearings and they had to choose another person from the
same country. So, yes, Von Der Leyen will not have it that
easy. In this regard, it’s a very effective check
and balance. But now the questions go to you… Do you think Macron did the right thing by
avoiding the spitzenkandidaten system? Are the euroskeptics right to complain about
the lack of democracy in Europe? Please, leave your answers in the comment
section below. Also visit our friends from reconsider media.com,
the podcast that provided the vocals in this episode that were not mine. Don’t forget that we publish brand new videos
every week so subscribe to this channel and hit that bell button so you won’t miss any
posts. If you liked this video, give us a thumbs
up and, as always, I’ll see you next time.

Author:

100 thoughts on “The Problem with the President (EU Edition) – VisualPolitik EN”

  • sorry, but aren't the governments of the member states also elected? the discussion can not be about a lack of democracy, but a lack a centralism and too much protectionism of the country governments.

  • I do not agree with the Spitzenkandidat system. I voted for a party from the Renew group and I've got exactly what I voted for. The people who voted for parties supporting the Spitzenkandidat were less than 50%, so..

  • Robert Wollman says:

    First of all… are you seriously just now trying to figure out if the EU is a democracy?? You'd think the whole Brexit saga would have clued you in. Frankly, I'm disappointed in the total naivete. Second, I'm both a little scared and a lot excited about her election. Third, the EU will NEVER be anything like the US as long as "The People" don't have a say in all elections. The current leadership election framework is nothing but a Ponzi Scheme…. Honestly, I don't think the current model of the EU is sustainable, and I'm all for a European government… Britain wants out, and at this point, the question is, who's next?

  • Well Ok. Simon you are a total pro-neoliberalist (a system that failed in 2008, you know the financial crisis, and it will fail again due to massive banking shananigans, and yes it will hit Britain yet again as you are too dependent on your tax evasion-London bubble).

    The reason why von der Leyen was proposed was that the centre right and the centre left lost their long term majority in these EU elections, while the Liberals, Greens and Nationalists had gains. So there was no majority for the "Spitzenkandidat" as the new emerging liberals and greens couldn't find a compromise with the main two parties. So parliament blocked itself out of the system and the European council had to come up with a compromise candidate. Of course you didn't bring that up as it reflects the reality of a complicated democracy of nations that cooperate peacefully and for their common advantage. Doesn't fit with british exceptionalism that will soon be gone thanks to the arrogant assumption that the world will roll over and give you preferential trade deals once the UK is free of the evil shackles of the EU.

    The world will not. Countries will act in their own interests, not in the interest of the city and the British Elite that wants to be the Number One Tax Haven. You got 40 competitors that will not be happy. Like the rest of the world you will impose tariffs on in case of a no deal.

    Britain is too big to be a tax haven, but too small to be a world power. That is reality. A tax haven cannot fund a NHS and 50 billion for it's military a year and high pensions.. You will soon find that out.

  • The EU is the 4th Reich and soon every European country will be a province of Germany. It's a huge heist, but this time, without the Wehrmacht. What Hitler failed to gain by force of arms, Merkel has now gained by bribery, intimidation and manipulation. May she rot in Hell.

  • It was critical for many leftists that the commission president would be a woman. Modern equality you know. Therefore to solve the deadlock EPP, who won the election and earned the nomination, had to dump Manfred Weber for some woman. Then everybody was happy.

  • Im beginning to understand Britain’s problem with EU. They have much say in EU Affairs as Scotland has for Great Britain’s Affairs

  • EU naysayers from all European countries made it into the council as well as the parliament, I guess this could be considered the best proof that the EU has no political instinct of self preservation. Other than a nation state it cannot scheme to further its influence for its own end. Do we have a system that resembles a constitutional monarchy, where the aristocrats are just the elected political elite of the time and country which sends them? Is that a bad approach? EDIT: and here I always thought you secretly spoke German.. you don't mhhh

  • European commission president is neither "the most powerful person in the EU", nor a "position of power". It's a representative administrative position. i.e. civil servant. True it's one of the highest in the EU, but that's it. Maybe get your things right before getting a meltdown on screen snowflake, because all the morons watching this (Brits especially) will then be repeating your lies.

  • Christoph Beeler says:

    My family is from Switzerland, my parents moved to Canada. Canadian politics are far from simple, clear and fair. But I am so glad to be living here now, and not under the EU. I know Switzerland is not a full member, but the things the EU tries to shove onto them is ridiculuse and far from demicratic. Personanlly I wouldnt mind seeing that level of goverment be turned into history. From a Swiss perspective what you said in the video is quite real.

  • I ADORE your channel and watch your videos all the time (people make fun of me for knowing so much about the economies of South Africa and the Middle East) – please make a video about the protests in Hong Kong! Thank you, love you.

  • Fernando Cabral says:

    For once I’m quite disappointed with a post on this channel. It conveys the idea that the president of the commission is either German or French. But actually the country that had the most presidents has been Luxembourg!
    EU citizens do feel disconnected from the European institutions but it is not the way the commissioners are elected that causes the problem.
    The EU has no budget to have any real executive power.
    Comparing Ursula to trump is inaccurate and misleading.
    You can and should do better guys

  • Hey Simon!

    I am a great supporter of your work and very grateful for this channel, but I sensed a lot of bias against the EU functioning mechanisms in this piece – which is understandable of course, as long as “Brussels” is not blamed for it. The current structure depends on what the member states agreed to and conceded at Maastricht.
    Comparing the EU to the US or UK systems doesn’t feel 100% right to me, the background is too different.
    This is not at all to say that critiques aren’t well placed, but the responsibility lies with the member states and the good (but not yet perfect) compromise they reached.

    Is it time to push for full EU sovereignty and direct election of the President? I really think it is, but it’s not the EU’s fault if it hasn’t been done yet.

    One last comment. I don’t think the fact that Germany and France got the two top jobs this time is such a big deal as you are implying. They didn’t the previous one, Lux and Italy did.

    Well, thanks for all the great work Visualpolitik team!

  • The next is breaking apart the eu. Or make it democratic. But no german or french wants to be equal with a romanian or greeck.

  • Fuck the eu. Lets go back to a continent of countries with no visas, with free trade. No parlament and eu comision bushit.

  • Hey! Thank you for your video. I see your videos regularly to learn a bit more about the world but i have to say this one left me a bit worried about the selection of information you decided to share on your cuts and why you did it. For some reason you decided to state you are in favor of giving more power of decision to the European Parliament without sharing the full impact of that change. And this is often repeated when mentioning the german-french axis. You could redeem a bit yourself by actually sharing, on your interesting links list, how the EU works according to the EU itself (for example: https://www.consilium.europa.eu/en/council-eu/voting-system/) but you chose not to. Here are some critiques that seem relevant to me:
    – you oppose the comission to the parliament, but yet you know they have no decision power. Yes, they can influence on how proposals are written, but they cannot approve them (https://ec.europa.eu/commission/commissioners/2014-2019_en), so why the opposition as if there was a conflict between them?
    – Decision making in the council ensures equal votes to each country. This ensures that no country has bigger decision power than others. This council is made up by the elected heads of state of each country. You can state that the European bubble makes head of states follow this and that country, but as maths can show you, the german-french axis here is useless if the bubble pops or it doesn´t really exist. Here is where Merkel and Makron actually are able to vote. They have 2 votes in 28;
    – In the European Parliament something different happens: the votes are proportional to the population. Here the german-french axis can be very powerful. You can state that because they are grouped by political groups with several countries that stops merely national interests to be represented, but the fact is that it is much harder to control this bubble and make people vote for things that are not the best for their countries, specially because they are elected directly by their citizens according to their local parties (not for their European party) and have to ensure their next vote;
    – The European comission is more related to a group of civil servants than politicians: they work for the EU (not their country of origin), they don´t have decision power, the selection of commissioners by member states may not be related to political changes in the country (in a 5 year period time in which a comissioner works, the portuguese state may have 3 different prime-ministers, following the normal 4 year election calendar, for example; it´s likely that our current prime-minister won´t change the comissioner, for it is not a political position) and they can´t even decide who is their leader. This is why anyone can be President of the Comission. If the country chooses it´s civil servants, why shouldn´t it vote for the head of office? Why are some MEP´s so interested in giving a political weight to a group of EU civil servants instead of the heads of state, who actually preside the EU for 6 months on a rotative scheme?
    Not only you don´t present the full scheme, you also don´t analyse the reasons that could motivate this change of power from elected heads of state to elected MEP´s, over the control of EU´s civil servants.
    Here´s a suggestion for two videos: 1. a thorough analysis on how European citizens decide the European council and european parliament and the effective powers they give to each one of them (what are they voting for) and 2. a comparison between the political organization of the European Union to the one existing in each member state.
    Think about this: why will Ursula von der Leyen show herself irreducible like Jean-Claude Juncker? Because they have no choice, they have no decision. Asking them the same question 1000 times, has to provide the same answer. It´s extraordinary how the UK based media tried to show Michel Barnier and Jean-Claude Juncker, two civil servants, has irreducible when negotiating when they could do nothing else but that. It´s incredible how not for once Prime-Minister May and now Prime-Minister Johnson, did not and will not visit Portugal to visit our prime-minister to talk on Brexit. He has the same voting power has Macron and Merkel. But still you linger to your imaginary Brussels bubble.

  • Karsten Schuhmann says:

    What is the difference to the UK? When the former PM Teresa may was no longer able to command a majority of parliament there was no general election but she was replaced by a person that could command a majority. This person was chosen by the Tory party and not the population, finally BoJo was voted for in parliament.
    Similar in this case: None of the Spitzenkandidaten could find a majority, right from the beginning. As a result they searched for a compromise candidate. They found von der Leyn and she was elected by the European Parliament.
    Pleas note, wile the group choosing von der Leyn was smaller than for Boris, all of them were democratically elected, something not true for all members of the Tory party.

    Furthermore, it is the Heads of government in the European Council that are the real power in the EU. Von der Leyn will be more of a mediator than a decision maker.

  • This system is actually than better than a demagogue who appeals to the majority with bigotry getting elected with traditional elections.

  • Gøran Greggor says:

    Ummm….the president of the EU commission isn't exactly the same as the president of the US. To say the least. The power held by the office of president of the US is incomparably greater and more comprehensive.
    Regarding the presidency of the United States and its constitutional power, we're
    talking about orders of magnitude beyond the presidency of the EU commission. Not the best analogy there. Also the EU isn't a single country, so whoever came to that position would be unknown to the majority of EU citizens unless it were a prime minister of the UK, a German chancellor, or a French president…whom most of Europeans are generally familiar with. And as for the potential historical role…yeah right. I already forgot the name of the former EU commission president. All I remember for some reason, is that he was from Luxembourg. That's how "powerful" and "important" this position is.

  • An Urban Frontiersman says:

    She left a German armed forces with no spare parts, no functioning strategic lift capability, submarines along side with no spares, the list goes on. The woman is a cuntrag.

  • carlos dumbratzen says:

    80 Million europeans knew perfectly well who this person is and how she already fucked up our defence and family department. There was nobody except for our stupid ass government who thought this was a good idea.
    My professor in European history said on the day before her becoming president, that this would be the worst for further European integration and honestly this is a sign how little those government officials actually care for what the people want. Flintenuschi is exactly the wrong person to stop the breaking apart of the EU. She is just another bureaucrat and will do jack shit for the union. There won't be progress with people from those ever staling CDU scum.

    Ok I just had to blow some steam off. I am so heavily annoyed by our politicians, who are losing voter support for and still seem to think they could stay in power by mere administering the country and pretending they would do something good while they are robbing us.
    Those people are the reason for the rerise of nationalism and all those right-wing parties in Europe.

  • Oskar Nicholson says:

    I'm pretty flipping annoyed at this video. You totally forgot about the Council of the European Union and said that the European Council is involved in legislation processes. IT HAS NO ROLE TO PLAY IN LEGISLATIVE PROCESSES APART FROM SETTING THE GENERAL POLITICAL AGENDA OF THE EUROPEAN COMMISION. 89% of laws in Brussels are passed by the co-decision method which is democratic if you understand it. The important to thing to understand is that both an elected parliament and a majority of ministers from elected national governments (The Council of the European Union) have to agree to the legislation and they can make any amendments they want. Unfortunately, this video explains the process falsely which is just going to add to the confusion. So so disappointing as you had a great chance to explain to people how the EU works and stop the misinformation plaguing the Brexit debate in the UK.

  • Can your videos be more biased against EU? Seriously…

    First the parliment was voted by us.
    Then the commision is chosen by the government of EU member states. The governments voted by us EU citizens.

    Another biased and lack of information in this video is how you decided to present the candidacts that won.
    The southern and Visegrád Group had a lot of sway. In fact Merkel supported Weber and then Timmermans( not Ursula). But the first was inadmissible for the southern countries (my PM was completely against him) and the later was inadmissible for visegrad group. And in fact none of them had the job.

    This was really biased video. Or even worse just prejudice.

  • What's up with the quirky humor and intonation in this episode… I actually cringed. This is geopolitics, not a mockery channel. My ears bled like 4 times.

  • Godwin's Gaming says:

    Just remember, despite what the BBC and the Remainers may suggest, the vast majority, including many Remainers want the UK out of the EU – partially because of the reasons given in this very video.

    The rest of the EU should not be cowered into believing the publicity regarding treating us in the UK in such a way that we will stay, or the rest of the EU won't want out still.

    Learn from us.

    The UK is not turning its back on Europe. We want out of the European Union.

  • The portuguese Durao Barroso to get the to UE presidency, they open the contry to US, Uk and others country's to start the Iraqi ivasion
    after this, that countrys give the suport to get them the power of UE.

  • 12 hungry nations 1 apple pie
    10 yummy slicez 1 will die
    11 hungry nations 1cherry pie
    9 yummy slices 1 will die
    10 hungry nations 1 apricot pie
    8 yummy slices 1 will die
    9 hungry nations 1 fig jam pie
    Only 5 yummy slicez 3 now die
    Now just 5 nations none want to die which ones will now make the next meat pie
    Tick tock tick tock

  • two assholes where the TOP candidates and both where anti-European, pro illegal aliens and both lost because of Orbans magic…yep Ursula is in her position only and only because of Viktor…BIG WIN for Europe a huge lost for the Soroshites

  • James Ruscheinski says:

    Development of EU part of on-going West mix up of religion and state in which the state takes on religion dimension and religion is reduced to state conditions. High priest Jesus is supposed to be central with the states handling local material conditions, but the opposite has occured for hundreds and more than a thousand years. U.S. manages to deal with this mix-up better than other nation / states, but the West would be much better off without this mix-up as it leads to more tragedy than necessary.

  • CrazyLittleWorlds says:

    The problem with von der Leyen, she is known for her excessive us of advisers. She spend millions on them in every position she ever hold. She never really changed anything. Horrible choice.

  • Kevin Wellwrought says:

    EU new president should make provisions for remainers in UK so that they can register with EU and obtain EU card for working and travelling freely in EU after blind brexit.

  • I seriously couldn't finish the video because of all the blabbering and the presentation tone. And I've been watching thins channel for a long time now. It's really annoying. Especially after the middle of the video, you sound like a bored and spoiled child reading off a script while he'd rather to go outside and play with his friends.

  • Eoin O' Flaithearta says:

    You can't just casually talk about complex strategy if you can't comprehend complex strategy and to be blunt I don't have the impression that you can.

  • Francis Saunders says:

    One inaccuracy in your commentry though. The 2 biggest economies in the EU, (currently), are Germany and the UK. The UK being the 5th largest economy in the world. Yet Gordon Brown didn't get to be President of the European Bank, (despite his brilliant track record as the UK Chancellor), and Tony Blair didn't get Donald Tusk's job, (despite the fact that no one in the world knew who Donald Tusk was and the fact that he had pretty much zero credentials). How democratic is the EU? I don't think we need to ask that question… lol

  • Dicky van Gelderen says:

    You failed to mention the Visegrad states Poland, Hungary, the Czech Republic and Slowakya. They are the big profiteers of EU Funds. The "Spitzenkandidaten" would not pussyfoot around while caving in to their demands as they think a Lady President, failing so often as a defense minister would. They made sure to remind her of the fact, that she owed her present unexpected advance also to their persistent efforts. Neither Macron nor the East-Europeans hate an efficient Bearocrat like Weber or the Dutch Frans Timmermans, or the Danish Margrethe Vestager. All too efficient, too unmanipulative. We'll see.

  • EU is a communist type Totalitarian regime, Democracy is not welcomed there. it's what Hitler tried once, before but failed. The Allied nations decided to fired him.

  • My god this video was so badly made and so poorly researched…
    Also why are you now being so goofy when presenting these vids? It’s annoying and it gives the impression that you don’t care or don’t take the topic seriously

  • Emperor Tikacuti says:

    ‪#TheEuropeanUnion already in decline not solely from British withdrawal but the continuing establishment of corruption‬.

  • Vincent Tayelrand says:

    All this is all smoke and mirrors –

    The fast majority of European regulations don't even pass through any of the (and let's be generous in using this term) democratic institutions of the EU.

    Most of the laws an regulations are drawn up by anonymous bureaucrats and become binding without any politician ever coming near.

    And that is the real problem

  • Too much voice emphasis in this video. Please tone it down a little Simon, it becomes tiresome to listen after a while 🙂

  • Patrick Daxboeck says:

    Ursula Von der Leyen is a disgusting reactionary opportunist who would never ever be elected by any public vote. She is the master example why the EU is a total undemocratic disaster. This is why Switzerland will not join and why so many people in Europe want their country to leave this EU. The EU started as a purely economic treaty for the big companies in Europe and now it serves the rich families behind the big companies. It however completely fails to provide growth of living quality for the normal population. It does so, because the normal population has no say whatsoever except for that worthless body called European parliament. You could however compare the EU commission with the central committee of the Communist party of the Soviet Union.

  • David Christensen says:

    Oooh look it the Top Ten guy……. what this is not the top ten? Ohhh so this is not you opinion your a spokesman? For who?

  • Were they right? Depends on perspective. It protects the German and French defacto control and thus is inherently in the interests of Germany and France. Keeping defacto European power in Berlin and Paris. It's perfectly logical from the German and French perspective.

    Probably not right from the EU perspective though as it inherently undermines the idea "we're in this together". Because if we really were they'd happily bow to the democratic wisdom of the people and let the citizens decided and not just the French and German electorate.

  • Helmut Zollner says:

    Thanks Simom!
    Great, now we know who is UVL and how she got heaved into that poisition.
    But she is in the un-enviable position of having to deal with Brexit, whatever the fallout of that will be.
    How did you prepare for Brexit as a British citizen living in Prague (lovely city, my favourite)?

  • I think that the video should be remade explaining that the European Council (heads of State and Government) and the Council of the European Union or, simply, the Council (the meeting of sectorial ministers) are two different institutions with different competences.

  • The President of the EU Comission is not the equivalent of a US President nor is it the most powerful political role in europe.

  • The larger the voting pool, the less each individual has a say in the actual outcome. if there are 10 people in a voting pool, you get 1/10th of a say in what happens. If there are 100, you get 1-100th of a say, etc. This is why institutions that overarch others are less legitimate than the ones below them, and why they should have less power.

  • So only two countries have power in the EU? Especially the most populous and influential?… huh… Makes me admire electoral college here in Murica. Just ignore the fact they can vote for who they want over the people's choice if they so choose.

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