History of News-gathering – Behind the News

History of News-gathering – Behind the News

OK. A story. A story. RUBY: It kind of seems hard to
believe that people used to have to use these things
instead of computers. Actually, no. Delete. Delete! What? There’s no delete key?! I have to get it right
the first time?! And to find information,
you actually had to pick up a book. Without the Internet, books and phones were
a journalist’s best friend. Hello? OK, script, done. Now I need… ..a camera crew. Hey, Andrew.
Oh, hi, Ruby. You’re old. I need to film something like
it was filmed back in the olden days. Like 50 years ago. Can you show me how? Uh… Well, you can’t do it
on this camera. But I do have one
that I can show you. Sweet! Let’s go. I’m not that old. Alright,
what is this crazy contraption? Well, Ruby, this is
a state-of-the-art news camera from the 1960s. Wow. It’s a beautiful, old machine. And it used this stuff,
which is film. 16mm film. One roll of film would
last for 10 minutes. 10 minutes! So you’d have to be
really picky about your shots. Oh, you had to be very choosy
about what you filmed, yes. And does it still work?
Yeah, this one still works. Can we give it a try? I think we should.
Yes! Rolling! Back in the 1960s, news was
made on 16 centimetre film… Oh, I mean, millimetre.
Can I go again? Oh, no, Ruby.
Film is really expensive. Maybe I can fix it up and edit. Hey, Bob, you’re old! Can you please show me
how to edit old-school TV film? Alright, then.
Oh, thank you! I’m not that old. So, I put the spool over here. And thread it up, or lace it up.
That’s what the term was. So, it looks like a moving image. Yeah, it is made up of a series
of single frames, so 25 frames per second. And you play them
all together at the correct speed, you get a moving image. And so what do you do
if you want to make a edit? We have a thing called a splicer,
a film splicer. You find the point you want to edit, we slice the piece
that we want to cut, like so. Then we bring the two pieces
together. We put some sticky tape on there. And there you go. This is really cool,
but it’s also really fiddly. You wait till you have to do
your graphics. Ooh, Ruth, you’re old.
Oh, gee, thanks, Ruby. Sorry. I’ve got to do some graphics,
but I have to do them like they were done
in the olden days. Can you show me how?
If I remember. Thank you. So these are the graphics.
Yes. We’d start airbrushing a background
and then we would find a picture, generally sourced
from local magazines and often draw in a drop shadow
to give a image some sense of depth. It was lots of fun.
It felt quite artistic. It felt as though you were doing
a small painting. (SIGHS) How hard could it be? So turns out I’m not that great
at this 1960s TV making stuff, but it has been really interesting
to learn about how much all these techniques have changed
over the years. Ruby…that’s terrible. Are you actually going to have
a story for it? Yeah, that’s what these guys are for. (WHISPERS) Don’t tell Amelia.


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