Endeavor GK Capsule | Current Affairs January 2019

Endeavor GK Capsule | Current Affairs January 2019



subscribe to the channel and also press the bell I can to never miss an update from end ever couriers welcome to endeavours GK capsule for the January month India celebrated its 70th Republic Day on 26th January major news highlights this month are in the areas of awards persons and news national and international news among others let us start the video with the first category which is awards and recognitions president romnod Kovan conferred the highest civilian award Bharat Ratna for the year 2019 – three recipients namely Pranab Mukherjee Nanaji Deshmukh and whooping huzzah Rika Pranab Mukherjee was the former President of India he is an outstanding statesman of our country and has handled key positions of Finance defence and foreign ministers in different governments Nanaji Deshmukh was a senior leader of Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh who worked for rural development and welfare of farmers he established the first sarasvati commanded for promoting primary education at Gorakhpur in 1950 the third recipient who pane huzzah Rika was an Assamese musician he was a music composer lyricist Singapore and filmmaker he introduced the culture and folk music of North East to Hindi cinema along with Bharat Ratna ashok chakra which is India's highest peacetime gallantry award was also presented during the Republic Day celebrations the winner of Ashoka Chakra 2019 is Lance Nayak NASA am Advani 1 he was a soldier from Kashmir he killed six militants in an encounter before being hit by bullets after a gap of four years the central government announced the winners for the prestigious Gandhi Peace Prize for the years 2000 15 16 17 and 18 while Vivekananda Kendra Kanyakumari Wonder for 2015 for rural development and education for 2016 the award has been jointly given to Akshay Patra Foundation for providing midday meals to children in government schools and Sula International for its work towards sanitation and hygiene for 2017 the award has been given to a kya beyond trust for contribution to education of rural and tribal children and for 2018 to w-h-o goodwill ambassador Yohei Sasakawa for his role in leprosy eradication this is the first time that the winners of four years have been announced together ever since the award started in 1995 Prime Minister Narendra Modi received the first-ever Philip Kotler Presidential Award for his outstanding leadership Philip Kotler is a professor of marketing at Kellogg School of Management and is regarded as the father of marketing the next category is persons and news former IAS officer Sudhir Bhargav has been appointed as the 9th Chief Information Commissioner of India along with Bihar gov four new members have also been appointed to the Central Information Commission taking its total strength to seven the Central Information Commission is the highest appellate authority under the Right to Information Act 2005 senior Supreme Court judge just as a case agree has been nominated as the execute of chairman of National Legal Services Authority NASA the Chief Justice of India is the patron in chief and the senior most charge of Supreme Court of India is the executed chairman of NASA nASA has been constituted in 1987 to provide free legal services to the weaker sections of the society NASA ensure speedy disposal of cases its primary objectives also include reducing the burden of the judiciary by organizing look at a lots eminent Hindi writer Krishna Shakti died in Delhi at the age of 93 years born in 1925 in Gujarat province of Pakistan Krishna soap tea was a prominent Weiss who raised issues of female identity in literature she won the prestigious Ganpat award in 2017 her latest book Jenna who was launched in World Book Fair just two weeks before her death some of her prominent works are Mithra March Ani Zindagi Na Milegi Mookie and Eric a veteran Bollywood actor Carter Khan died in Canada due to a prolonged illness born in Kabul kadar Khan made his acting debut in 1973 since then he had acted in over 300 films and wrote dialogues for over 250 movies in the places in news category the first big international gathering of the year was the annual meeting of the World Economic Forum in the Swiss city of Davos politicians academics businessmen and millionaires made up the guest list while campaigners and activists staged rallies outside the venue according to Oxfam international report released before the meeting top one percent of India's richest holds 51 percent of the national wealth Prime Minister Narendra Modi inaugurated two new museums in the month of January the first ever National Museum of Indian cinema was inaugurated in Mumbai another museum named Netaji Subash Chandra Bose Museum at Red Fort in New Delhi was inaugurated on the birth anniversary of Subash Chandra Bose on 23rd January the hundred and 6th edition of Indian Science Congress was held at lovely professional university jalander the Congress was attended by 30,000 scientists including six Nobel Prize winners the theme of the Indian Science Congress this year was future India Science and Technology Prime Minister Narendra Modi while delivering the opening address added a new term to the famous slogan given by the former Prime Minister Lal Bahadur Shastri to coin a new slogan Jai jawan Jai Kisan Jai vegan Jaya no Sondheim in the national news this month president Ramnath Govan gave his approval to the hundred and third constitutional amendment bill that seeks to provide 10% reservation and jobs and higher educational institutions to economically weaker sections among the upper castes or general category candidates Gujarat became the first state to implement this ten percent reservation for the general category the eligibility criteria for a-wailing this reservation benefit has been kept at family income below 8 lakhs per annum and less than five acres of agricultural land the 10 percent reservation will be in addition to the existing limit of 49 percent reservation for the Scheduled Castes Scheduled Tribes and other backward castes the new reservation law however is likely to face a challenge in quotes as Supreme Court had rejected a similar proposal in its earlier judgment in Indira Suhani case in 1992 the Hyderabad High Court has been officially bifurcated on 1st January into Telangana and Andhra Pradesh High Court's till now cases of both the states were being heard by the High Court at Hyderabad the Telangana High Court will continue functioning from Hyderabad just as TB radhakrishnan has been appointed as the first chief justice of the Telangana High Court on the other hand Andhra Pradesh High Court has been moved to UM Revati the upcoming capital of Andhra Pradesh just a seat Praveen Kumar was sworn in as the acting chief justice of the Andhra Pradesh High Court in a fresh twist to the controversy going on in CBI Alok Varma was finally removed from the post of CBI director earlier in the month of October the central government sent Alok warme on a forced leave Varma approached the Supreme Court against this order the supreme court set aside the leave orders by central government and reinstated Alok Varma as the CBI director the Supreme Court referred to we need narayan judgment of 1997 in which the tenure of CBI director had been fixed for two years however a high power committee comprised of Prime Minister Narendra Modi Leader of Opposition in Lok Sabha Malik Arjun kar gaye and just as a Kasich tree recommended the removal of Alok Varma from the position of CBI director with immediate effect on 10th January the meeting to appoint the new CBI director in place of Alok warmer on 24th January remained inconclusive Lok Sabha passed the citizenship Amendment Bill 2016 during the winter session of the Parliament on 7th January the bill is now pending in Rajya Sabha the bill aims to allow non Muslim minorities that is Hindu Sikh Christian Buddhist Jane and Parsi from Bangladesh Pakistan and Afghanistan to apply for Indian citizenship within six years of entering India instead of the present eleven years however the bill has to curb protests across the northeastern states protesters have expressed fears that the new citizenship bill will encourage migration from Bangladesh into their areas the events have also taken a political colour with BJP ally are some gun perish on withdrawing from the coalition government in Assam traversée bearethere diverse 2019 celebration was organized at Varanasi from 21st January Revathi bearethere give us or NRI Day is celebrated every year on 9th January in the memory of Mahatma Gandhi's homecoming in 1915 to lead the freedom struggle this year the event was organized from 21st January instead of the usual 9th January to allow inner eyes to visit the Kumbha Mela as well as attend the Republic Day parade the Prime Minister of Mauritius Praveen Jagannath was the chief guest at the occasion a 35 day long struggle between President Donald Trump and the US Congress has finally ended on 25th January Donald Trump enacted a partial shutdown of the government on 22nd December after the US Congress refused his demand for five billion dollar to construct a wall between USA and Mexico a wall on us-mexico border to prevent illegal entry into the US was one of the cornerstones of Trump's election campaign however Democrats fiercely opposed to this idea Democrats who secured majority in the House of Representatives after the November 2018 mid elections have insisted that they will not give Trump that money almost half a million federal employees worked without pay for the period of the shutdown the British Parliament has rejected the brexit proposal of Prime Minister Theresa May the British House of Commons voted against the deal struck between British government and the European Union in November last year Harry Sami herself narrowly survived a no-confidence brought by opposition Labour Party retain is now staring at a possibility of an abrupt No Deal break with European Union as the final deadline for British exit from the group is 29th March Bangladesh Prime Minister Sheikh Hasina has been reelected as the Prime Minister for the fourth term her party Avani League won 288 of the total 300 seats in the parliament the election process however was marred by violence as at least 17 people were killed in clashes critics are accusing Sheikh Hasina of authoritarianism and political revenge especially against the main opposition leader Khaled Asya who is serving 17 years in prison on corruption charges the next category is news from business commerce and industrial sector in the first-ever three-way amalgamation in Indian banking sector Union government has approved the merger of Bank of Baroda vigía Bank and Lena Bank the new entity created will be India's second largest public sector Bank after SBI and third largest bank after SBI and ICICI the amalgamation will come into force from 1st April 2019 the World Economic Outlook report published by Monetary Fund has retained India's GDP growth projection at 7.5 percent for the year 2000 1920 and 7.7 percent for two thousand 2021 with this India is expected to remain the fastest growing economy in the world the IMF has estimated China's growth rate to be six point six percent and 6.2 percent in the corresponding period the next category is summits conferences and reports released this month Henley passport index which periodically measures the access each country's passport affords has declared that Japan has the most powerful passport in 2019 Japan retains its top spot as the world's most travel friendly Passport thanks to his access to 190 countries South Korea and Singapore are a joint second in the ranking India jumped 2 places to 79th rank in this year's ranking in the latest university rankings 2019 of times higher education emerging economies 49 institutions from India have got the place including 25 in the top 200 India's performance improved as last year there were 17 Indian institutions in the top 200 Indian Institute of Science or IISc Bangalore at 14th place is the leading Indian institution in the list followed by IIT Bombay in the sports category Marat Kohli created history by becoming the first cricketer to win on the three top ICC individual awards for the earth 2018 he was adjudged icc mens test player of the year ICC ODI Player of the Year and sir Garfield Sobers trophy for ICC cricketer of the year rishabh bunt was declared ICC men's emerging cricketer of the year India's left-handed opener smithy manana has been named as ICC women's cricketer of the year 2018 wrestler finish Bhagat became the first Indian athlete to be nominated the prestigious Laureus world comeback of the Year award she was injured during Rio Olympics 2016 and made a comeback after nearly two years in 2018 to win a gold medal at the Commonwealth Games and a silver at Asian Games the Laureus sports awards will be announced on 18th February in the end let us look at some other miscellaneous news items iit hyderabad has become the first Institute in the country to launch a full-fledged bachelor's program in artificial intelligence technology in a similar but unrelated development Facebook is setting up an Institute for Ethics in artificial intelligence in collaboration with the Technical University of Munich the Institute will look into the issues that affect the use of AI such as safety privacy fairness and transparency the panel headed by iit hyderabad chairman bvr Mohan Reddy has recommended to All India Council for technical education to not allow setting up of any new engineering colleges from 2020 the panel also suggested that no additional seats should be approved in the traditional engineering areas such as mechanical electrical civil and electronics and the current capacity in the traditional disciplines should be converted to emerging areas namely artificial intelligence blockchain robotics quantum computing data sciences cybersecurity and 3d printing so with this we have come to the end of this GK capsule we hope you like the coverage of topics in our videos finally drop in your suggestions in the comment box do also watch our other videos happy learning thank you

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