CNN Student News September 23, 2014

CNN Student News September 23, 2014

Hi. I`m Carl Azuz. Welcome to CNN STUDENT
NEWS. And the first official day of fall. Today, is the autumnal equinox when day is
almost exactly as long night. It`s also at leaders from all over the worlds, they are
meeting at the United Nations headquarters in New York. Five things to know about this. One, it`s called the U.N. General Assembly.
It started in 1946 with 51 countries represented. Today, there are 193. Two, the General Assembly
is one of six branches of the United Nations. It`s the only branch that offers all member
countries the chance to vote on various issues. Three, regardless of those votes or agreements
or resolutions, though, the General Assembly has no power to enforce them. That brings
up four. The event is like a giant international sounding board. There are many speeches, but
usually little action. Five, a wide range of subjects can be discussed
including climate change. Tens of thousands marched in New York City this week to draw
attention to the issue. A U.N. summit on climate change is set for tonight. But it`s not the
only issue before the U.N. General Assembly. Inside this General Assembly hall where the
nations of the world, they are supposed to get together in harmony, people have issues.
Beef with other countries and capitals. The United States will have beef with Russia
over Ukraine, the United States will have beef with Syria, which is here over the terrible
violence that`s gone on there for years. And oftentimes, it will have beef with either
Palestinians or Israel, whichever side they feel is not complying with the Washington`s
wishes. This will not come as a surprise. There will
not be a Middle East peace agreement signed at this year`s General Assembly session. However,
Israel and the Palestinians will definitely verbally duke it out. Gaza, the big battle
for Gaza really inflamed the situation. There were no current peace talks. Right now I`d
say the big dispute is Ukraine, Russia. It doesn`t seem to end despite whatever progress
is made. I think you will seedenunciations of Moscow from various Baltic nations and
the West, and unless the situation drastically improves, I think that`s what you are going
to find as the major contest here. It`s very rare for health issues, such as
Ebola to dominate the headlines at the United Nations General Assembly. There is real fear
of its spreading. Western African leaders are going to be here. There is no doubt, Ebola
will be part of their remarks and will probably feature calls for help and global assistance
to help fight the spread. Hillary Clinton I believe once said that one
week of General Assembly can take one year off your life. It can be exhausting, many
diplomats told me that appearing at the General Assembly for a world leader is like diplomatic
speed dating. You`ve got five minutes with this president, two minutes with this foreign
minister. Presumably they`ll all come with schedule and an agenda and a goal of what
they want to do, but it`s real hurley-burley of diplomatic activity. Time for the Shoutout. Where would you find
Olympus Mons? If you think you know it, shout it out. Is it in Athens, Greece, Mars, Antarctica
or Haley`c Comet? You`ve got three seconds, go! Olympus Mons is a volcano believed to be the
largest in our solar system. And it`s located on Mars. That`s your answer and that`s your
Shoutout To give you an idea of how massive Olympus
Mons is, think Arizona. It`s the size of Arizona. How do scientists come up with estimates like
this? Here`s one way: it`s called Maven, the Mars Atmosphere and Volatile Evolution Craft.
It launched from Cape Canaveral, Florida ten months ago and arrived just week in its orbit
around Mars. Why did it take ten months? Because it had to travel 442 million miles. Unlike NASA`s Rover missions, Maven won`t
actually land on Mars. It`s on a bit of a detective mission. Scientists want to find
out how Mars became the red planet. They think it might have been more like Earth at some
point before it was a dried up massive red crust. NASA is currently spending several
billion dollars on various investigations of Mars. Why did they add Maven to the mix? For scientists or space enthusiasts alike,
Mars continues to amaze. It`s no surprise the red planet is currently the subject of
five active NASA missions. Three in orbit, and two on the surface. And lift off of the
Atlas 5 with Curiosity seeking clues to the planetary puzzle about life on Mars. You`ve probably heard of Curiosity, NASA`s
Rover studying the geology and climate on the ground. Now, NASA seeks (ph) the mission,
Maven, is hoping to study Mars from above. And answer a 4 billion year old question,
what made the fourth planet from the Sun turn red and barren? Scientists believe that Mars may have looked
a lot like Earth, with blue skies and warm temperatures. We do believe that Mars at one point had liquid
water, correct? Absolutely. Evidence in the rocks from Curiosity
is literally, unassailable. And we see the record even in the frozen materials in the
soil today. Collecting new measurements of the planet`s
upper atmosphere, we`ll get those analyzing the data a better understanding of the climate
change over the red planet`s history. We expect to learn how the modern Mars works,
really in detail, to see its climate state, to understand how the atmosphere is lost to
space, how Mars may have lost a magnetic field. To take down information and map it back in
time. NASA says the journey and Mavin $671 million
price tag are worth it, especially if Mavin can help unlock the big question, did life
ever exist on Mars? Chad Myers, CNN, Atlanta. Elimelech Goldberg is both a rabbi and a black
belt. For 12 years he worked at a camp for children who were battling cancer. He`s been
able to take his knowledge of martial arts and use it to teach children that pain is
a message they don`t have to listen to. September is childhood cancer awareness months. It`s
a perfect time to introduce you to this CNN hero. I really hate when it hurts. It`s a really
sharp pain. I get all teary. The shots really scared me a lot. And they still scare me now. Come on. I don`t want it! When children get a diagnosis like cancer,
or any major disease, they lose any sense of feeling that they are controlling their
lives. They`re prodded and poked and touched and
they are often so afraid. Our daughter Sarah Basia (ph) was diagnosed with leukemia. She
was such an incredible little soul who taught me about the power that`s inside of ourselves. Are you ready? Yes. Sir. OK, begin. After our daughter passed away, I started
a program that provides classes to children who are sick to teach them the martial arts. Good! To make them feel powerful. Every single type of martial arts uses the
breath to take control. I`m a black belt in Taekwondo. Hold it and then release. We use the martial arts as a platform for
meditation, for relaxation, to allow children to gain these tools. You`re totally in control. To really phase down so much of the fear,
the anger that accompanies pain. Breathe in! And you could see that light on their face.
I feel like their souls are shining. You did it! I do have the power to make the pain go away.
And nothing is impossible. Nothing. From coast to coast, with a stop in between,
today`s “Roll Call” is going cross country. First up, from Helix, Oregon, we`ve got the
Grizzlies of Griswold High School. In Springdale, Arkansas, the golden eagles are flying high
over Lakeside Jr. High School. And in Monroe, North Carolina, we are calling on the Panthers
of Piedmont High School. Thanks to all of you for your requests at Why did the armadillo cross the road? It might
have something to do with recent flooding in Houston, Texas. Whatever the reason, it
needed some help to do it safely, and it got it from a police officer to serve and protect
people and armadillos. You can`t hear it in this video, but the officer calls it buddy.
And when the animal holds up traffic, the officer takes him by the tail and brings the
happy ending to the tale. Guess he consider the animal armored and dangerous,
but even if it was living on burrow time, the officer had to get him snout of trouble
in order to transfix the situation. It was for a good clause. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT
NEWS. We`ll see you Wednesday.


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