Choosing THE BEST Two Way Radio + Legislation for Milsim & Airsoft

Choosing THE BEST Two Way Radio + Legislation for Milsim & Airsoft

Hey, what’s up brothers Viper here and
today we’ll go over the subject some of you guys have been asking us to do. Today
we’ll be talking about two-way radios or as you may know them walkie talkies. Before we begin about this subject, don’t
forget to subscribe to our channel and hit the bell button to keep notified of
our upcoming videos. This way we can keep doing what we’re doing which is to help
you guys out there regarding these kind of subject. Which will not only make you
guys smarter, but will also save you money because you avoid buying yourself
trash. Now, we know some channels out there that have tried to give some sort
of explanation or guide regarding the use of two-way radios for Airsoft purpose. But since
this stuff has to do with legislation. It can quickly become an illegal practice.
Like almost everything else that has to do with Airsoft. Anyway
the things we mention in this video will obviously not only be for the use of
radios in Airsoft but also for whatever outdoor hobbies people do for fun. So
today we go over the legislation part as well as what you should look out for
when getting yourself a handheld walkie talkie. Now, the reason why you need a
radio is surely obvious, but when it comes to the use of communication in
Airsoft and Milsim it is somewhat essential. If you’re part of an Airsoft
team it can almost not be missed. But even if you’re not a part of a team
and just lone wolf through the field to enjoy a day of shooting at people. *snipers*, sorry. Having a radio that’s connected with your team or squad gives you at least the ability to estimate the situation on the field due to the input
of others. And that alone already gives you a tactical advantage. So, when it
comes to legislation regarding the use of personal radios we’ll cover
everything for people living in the EU. For the guys living in the USA you want
to search for what’s called the FRS license-free and the GMRS licensed
services. But most of the stuff we’ll cover about
the EU services, the radio choices and their options shall also be applicable
for you guys on the other continent. So, let’s jump right into it. The information
I’m about to mention regards handheld two-way radios or walkie talkies. These
are capable of both transmitting and receiving frequencies which is why they
are also called transceivers. As I just mentioned these things work on certain
frequencies, but the use of frequencies itself is restricted. Because you don’t
want to end up using your local police frequency or stuff like that. For the use
of such frequencies it can either be licensed or non-licensed. Now, some
companies and the authorities obviously require to use radios for whatever they
do and they use licensed frequencies. Being licensed means they are closed
frequencies and may officially only be used by these companies or authorities
and others may not use them. And this is what some guys for teams prefer to do as
well for Airsoft purpose, but this requires a fee every few years or so. On
the other side there’s also the license-free frequencies for amateur usage. In
the EU this falls under the PMR446 service. Here PMR stands for Personal
Mobile Radio and the 446 is the frequency it operates on. Namely 446
MegaHertz. Now, in order for you to use this free service you do need to comply
on strict regulations and that’s where most people go wrong and risk being
prosecuted if caught. These restrictions require you to use a radio with a power
output of maximum 0.5 Watts or 500 milliWatts and in some countries like
mine the device must have a fixed non-removable antenna. Not at hard right?
Well, next time you go on the Airsoft field take a good look around. You’ll be
surprised of how many people are not aware of this stuff and are actually
breaking the law. As if Airsoft isn’t controversial enough
already. Yet again, this is mostly due to people either being unaware and the
crappy Chinese brands out there that don’t give a shit about the laws in the
rest of the world and produce stuff people buy here that they actually may not use
over here. So again guys and I can’t say it enough, be aware of the stuff you buy.
But if you’re watching this you’re taking a step in the right direction, because that means you care about doing it right and without taking the risk of
potentially harming our sport. So, thumbs up for you guys. Now, if you follow these
restrictions you will get a range of about a few hundred meters in an urban
environment while in a more open environment you’ll get a few kilometers.
And that should be more than enough for Airsoft usage. Okay, so furthermore when
it comes to the use of this license-free service, you are able to use 16 channels
with analog FM devices. Digital radios that fall under the TDMA regulation can
use the same 16 channels as the analog radios and the digital ones that fall
under the FDMA regulation can use up to 32 channels nowadays. Most radios you’ll
find today are built and programmed with the first 8 channels for analog and the
first 16 for digital FDMA radios since the newly added channels are only
recently allowed since January 2018. Most radio manufacturers have pre-installed
these license-free channels and these can mostly be found as the first 8 up to 32
channels you are able to select on those devices. So for Airsoft purpose these are
the channels organizations and marshals refer to what the different teams may
use. For example team red can use channel 1 and 2 and team blue may use channel 3
and 4. But some radios do not have these PMR channels installed already and that
requires you to do it manually. For this it’s possible you either need
to do it through a computer which requires some tech experience or you can
directly do it with a keypad on some radios. For this you obviously need to
know the correct frequencies. The list of these frequencies can be found by simply
searching for the PMR 446 channels on
Google. Another thing you need to know is as I mentioned before the frequency
these things work on is the four-hundred and forty six MegaHertz frequency, but in
order to make people use different channels within that MegaHertz range and
not be interfered by one another. The amount of kiloHertz in these frequencies
is adjusted. These are the numbers that you find after the 446 on
those channel lists. Now, some brands also add extra pre-installed sub-channels into their radios above the PMR446 channels. But since these are sub-channels they can also interfere with the regular PMR channels. So, that covers
all regarding the legislation and technical terms. Let’s go over to the
radios themselves. As I told you regarding the frequencies, radios can be
divided in both analog and digital radios. There is a difference between
them and it’s quite big. So let’s start with the most common analog ones. Analog
radios work by sending out a continuous stream of electrical signals. These
signals can be easily interfered by other users and natural events such as
storms for example. The signals analog radios use also fade over distance until
they reach their maximum distance and turn into white noise. When it comes to voices in loud background environments, they can be well heard and understood with analog radios. But for each channel only one two-way conversation can take place at a moment and when it comes to pricing they are fairly cheap in general.
The more modern digital radios on the other hand work by the use of
mathematical code in block segments and when it comes to these signals, they stay
strong and clear over their entire range and can go better through concrete and
walls unlike the analog electrical signals.
Such digital radios are provided with more features like status buttons and
enhanced text messaging. They are also more reliable and allow for more
simultaneous talking paths. Digital radios provide a clear sound
with less interference and also they can distinguish voices from background
noises due to an algorithm. When it comes to battery life they can last up to 30 to 50 percent longer than their analog competitors, because a digital
transmitter is not constantly on. Also the defense against eavesdropping is
much better with digital radios, because the technology is much less common and
not yet supported by most scanners. And like mentioned before when we talked
about frequencies, digital radios can also operate on analog frequencies so
they can be programmed to be compatible with analog radios. But the downside of
these is that when near too much presence of radio frequency noises they can
result in an error and digital radios are in general more pricey than and the
analog ones. So covering this info will already give you an important
matter of what sort of device you should pick. But obviously there is more. So now
that we covered these differences we can go over to the different features that
you may need for your specific usage. First off, we’ll go over reliability and
toughness regarding these devices. Because there’s nothing worse than
spending money on stuff that dies after a few types of using it. Especially in
more extreme outdoor environment, this is essential. A minimum we suggest to look
out for, if you do things like Airsoft is a so-called ingress protection rating.
This is always shown with an “IP” followed by 2 digits and sometimes another
letter this shows a level of protection against solids and water.
The first number after “IP” refers to the strength against dust. This can be rated
up to 6. The second number refers to moisture protection which can be rated
up to 9 and the last letter indicates additional information related to the
protection of the device. The most common rating you’ll find on these radios is the IP67 rating which means the device is both dust tight and water tight up to
30 minutes when submerged under water up to 1 meter deep. If you find an IP rating with other numbers and don’t know what they mean,
you can look them up by searching for IP ratings on Google. For even more extreme
situations you can also look for the so-called ATEX rating. Just so you know
this means the device is made to work in explosive environments. And for even
tougher devices you may want to look out for a so-called mil-std 810 rating.
This United States military standard shows that the device has passed through
a series of tests. Going from resistance against low pressures, to temperature
shocks, to fungus, to pyro and gun fire shock and even acidic atmosphere. So if
you want your stuff to be doomsday ready you might want to get something that
got a mil-std rating. Now, some brands divide their radios in so called
consumer and business models. Whereas the business ones tend to be much tougher
against abuse, but don’t let that scare you off. Because the business models can
mostly also be bought by consumers as well. As long as they are
license-free you should be fine. Another thing you want to pay attention
to is the battery life which is especially a necessity for those longer
Milsim events. For this you surely want to look out for lithium-ion batteries.
Since these are light, have a fast charging rate and have a slow loss of
charge when you’re not using them. Also remind that already the choice between
an analog or a digital radio makes a huge difference in battery life for
radio devices. Speaking of batteries, some radios are
also equipped with a low voltage battery indicator. So you know when it’s time to
recharge or replace the battery by an extra charged one.
So that’s about it for the reliability and toughness features. Now, what does
such a radio usually come with besides a battery. Off course a battery charger is
one and some sort of clip to hook your device onto something. Also one of the very basic things you’ll find on such device is a
PTT button or push-to-talk. Like the word itself says, nothing very fancy about it.
Just push the button to make your receiver into a transmitter and talk in
the microphone to transmit your message. *What the hell are you?* I’m Batman. For a more easier use, most radios are equipped with a mic-jack. This enables you to connect the device to a microphone with a separate PTT or an external speaker
which allows you to use more tactical products like a headset, a throat-mic or
an earpiece for example. Now, there are also things like dual PTT sets differences in mic-jacks and like I just mentioned a lot of different comm
systems available on the market. But we’ll cover that stuff in another video
in the future. Like always, if we’ve made it it will be available in the
description down below. So, what other technological features can
be useful? Possibly the most important basic features are the ability to lock
your keep, so you don’t accidentally switch channels for example and the so-called beep tones. If you’ve ever used a two-way radio you might have noticed
that some messages someone sends at you seem to start at the middle of the
sentence. This is due to the fact that there’s a small delay between pressing
the PTT in the actual transmission. So if your body doesn’t wait for a moment
after pressing the PTT and immediately starts to talk he will
most likely get an answer like this back: Could you repeat that please, because I
didn’t understand *** of what you were saying. To solve this issue, some radios are
equipped with those beep tones or calling tones. This means your device makes a sound when it’s ready to transmit your message,
so you get feedback for when you may speak. A very common features you also
get on all this type of two-way radios is some sort of CTCSS or continuous
tone coded squelch system, a DCS or digital coded squelch a Sellcall
function also called selective calling function or a XTCSS
function. A squelch system is used to suppress the channel noise when the radio is not receiving a transmission. But mind that a squelch function
doesn’t solve the interference issues with others. It just covers them up. Now,
privacy of your communication is also a very important issue, especially for
Airsoft and Milsim, because otherwise the enemy team knows exactly what you’re up
to and then you can better throw away your radios and just yell at each other.
So, for a more private communication two-way radios are also equipped with a
scramble function. Which basically allows you to use the same frequency as others do, but you don’t hear each other, because of a unique code only you and your
friends or teammates use. *This is an example to show you the scramble function* SCRAMBLED: *This is an example to show you the scramble function* Do notice that these functions don’t privatize the channel you’re using. It only minimizes chatter of others. Another function
that’s mostly available these days is a VOX or voice-activated transmission.
This function makes your radio start transmitting when you start to talk in
the direction of the device. This allows for a hands-free use and doesn’t require
you to use the PTT, but the thing with the VOX function is that on most radios
there’s a slight delay, because the radio needs to recognize that you’re talking
to it. This means that the conversation can be clipped and that’s why most
people repeat the first word to overcome this. Viper, Viper do you copy. Another very common feature is the ability to scan with your device. This allows you to cruise through different channels to find active ones or to search for empty ones
as well. And for the guys that want to listen to their favorite FM radio
channel that’s also mostly an added feature. So, these are the most common
technological features, but off course some radio brands provide their devices
with special extra functions. But it’s for you to decide which
features you really need. Off course to use these functions I just mentioned you
need to read the manual, because these are somewhat slightly different to
access for different brands and their models and I think you and I, both are
not really in the mood to keep this going for another extra few hours. So
furthermore, when it comes to such technological features for the use of
teamwork like in Airsoft or Milsim. It is recommended that everyone within the
group either gets a device from the same brand or even the exact same radio. This
will assure that everyone is able to use all the features if they require to. At
last a tip I can give you is, you best search for the well known quality radio
brands out there. Like always it will cost you more at the cash register, but
they will serve you a very long time. Furthermore don’t forget to participate
in our dope monthly giveaways on our social media or
Who knows you might be the next lucky fella winning a quality product. Let us
know in the comments down below what radio you currently use. Don’t forget to
like, subscribe and hit about button to show your appreciation for our videos. We
thank you for watching and we’ll see you guys next week. For this you obviously need to … Work by the use of mathematic.. “mata”, “mata”, “mata” When it comes to voices in loud background environm…


2 thoughts on “Choosing THE BEST Two Way Radio + Legislation for Milsim & Airsoft”

  • Archrival66(Arch) says:

    Just subbed to your channel while searching for radios!! I found your video informative and funny! Thanks again and I look forward to more videos like these!! Saying hello from Michigan USA!

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