Великая Война. 1 Серия. Барбаросса. StarMedia. Babich-Design

Великая Война. 1 Серия. Барбаросса. StarMedia. Babich-Design

Star Media Babich-design THE GREAT PEOPLE’S HOLY WAR THE GREAT PATRIOTIC WAR THE BARBAROSSA A Soviet pilot counted bullet holes in the shot-down German plane. Just a few minutes ago, he fired those bullets out of a machine gun
on his fighter plane. The twin-engine German aircraft
had civilian markings. But the military bearing of the pilots
was obvious. The plane reeked of burnt plastic. The Germans managed to destroy
the photographic film. The German reconnaissance aircraft
flying at the altitude of 10 km were rarely unnoticed. But on 15th April, 1941, due to the engine failure
one German Junker-86 had to descend and was shot down. Under interrogation,
the Junker’s pilots claimed that they were flying to Krakow but lost their way. Coming from pilots
shot down close to Rovno in over 100 km from the border,
it didn’t sound very convincing. Moreover, a map of border regions
of the Soviet Union was found in plane. The aircraft crew was a part
of the elite Rowel secret squadron. They had been secretly photographing
Soviet territory for months in preparation for the German invasion
of the Soviet Union. Ten days later,
a report arrived in Moscow. Its author Major General Vasiliy Tupikov, the Soviet military attach in Berlin, drew the following conclusions. “In the German plans, the USSR is considered an enemy. The start of the invasion
may come faster than expected and it will definitely
take place this year”. In the spring of 1941,
neither Tupikov nor other Soviet agents could pinpoint the exact date
of the imminent German invasion. Richard Sorge, aka Ramzai,
first claimed that the hostilities would begin after the sowing, then he named May,
then – the second half of June. The reports of other Soviet agents
were confusing too. It was unclear whether the invasion
would take place at all. There is a widespread belief
that the German plans were delivered to Stalin
right after signing. But in reality, no such plans were stolen. The information from the agents
was extremely confusing, and bad analytics was a huge downside
of the secret service on the eve of the war. Sometimes,
really important documents were lost in a mass of much less important data. In April 1941, echelons with German tanks were moving to the east in a steady flow. Just a few months ago,
in summer of 1940, Hitler set a task to work out
a plan of war with the USSR. On December 18,
he already signed a Directive no. 21 better known as the Barbarossa Plan. Later, Fuehrer addressed troops mentioning that 160 Soviet divisions
on the border that were allegedly ready to engage, which was an open lie. The version claiming that it was Stalin
who was preparing the attack, while Fuehrer was simply
protecting Germany, was nothing more than
Goebbels propaganda. The aim of the war
Hitler formulated at meeting sounded much more prosaic: “The Brits are holding on in hope
that the Russians will enter the war. If this hope is ruined,
they will stop fighting”. The Barbarossa Plan read: “The main forces
of the Russian infantry troops shall be destroyed
in the course of bold operations through deep and quick advance
of the tank wedges”. Those wedges were composed
of the tank groups – units of tanks, motorized
and infantry divisions. Their task was deep penetration
and bypassing of the enemy troops with an end to surround them. Four of such groups
were established to fight the USSR, led by Generals Kleist,
Hoepner, Guderian and Hoth. The ultimate goal of the German operation
was to seize of the territory of USSR up to the Arkhangelsk-Astrakhan line. At a final meeting, Hitler’s strategist
expressed his certainty that the war with the Soviet Union
wouldn’t take more than 3 to 4 months. The German troops were divided
into three army groups. The Army Group North
was to advance towards Leningrad, Army Group Center – towards Moscow, and Army Group South –
towards Kiev and Donbass. The Army Groups South and North
included one tank group each, while the Army Group Center
which was moving along the main direction, towards Moscow, could boast two –
those of Guderian and Hoth. Hermann Hoth, Lieutenant General. In 1941, he led the Third Tank Group. He was 56 years old,
and his soldiers called him “Father Hoth”. Germany knew neither the civil war
which could divide the society, nor emigrations of the officers,
nor repressions. In the Wehrmacht,
there were many commanders with many-year experience
of leading troops. The General of the Tank Troops
weren’t an exception. Guderian was 53 years old,
Hoepner was 55 and Kleist was 60. The headquarters of the tank groups
arrived to the border in winter of 1940. They consisted only of groups of officers
with communication equipment. The tanks were to arrive
on the eve of the attack. Only infantry divisions
were sent in echelons eastwards. By sending barely infantry
without tanks to the borders, the Germans wanted
the Soviet commanders to believe that they were simply establishing
a covering force in the East before deploying their troops to England. In 1941, the German army was undoubtedly
at the peak of its grandeur. Its divisions were manned according
to the war time standards. After invading France,
the troops were constantly training, perfecting the tactics of Blitzkrieg,
or the “lightning war”. In 1941,
a considerable part of the Red Army was deep in the country’s interior and was manned
according to the peaceful time standards. Only covering army units were positioned
at the borders. They were not made
to withstand the concentrate blows of the main enemy forces. It would take two to three weeks
of intense transfers of the troops to create an effective defensive group. The Soviet commandment
had to raise an issue when to press the so-called “red button” and start moving
the army towards the border. Despite the signing
of the Molotov-Ribbentrop pact, the Soviet commandment
didn’t have any illusions. Intensive military construction
was going on all over the USSR. The army grew
from 1.5 to 5 million people. But the troops entered the summer of 1941
in a state of reorganization. The fortifications were being built,
the airdromes were being repaired, and new units were being formed. It was dangerous to transfer the troops to the border without a clear certainty
that Germany would attack. It could accelerate the start of the war that the USSR wasn’t ready to. Contradictory data from the secret service
didn’t give the necessary certainty. But in the first half of June of 1941, the Germans began moving
their motorized divisions to the border. It suddenly didn’t look like “covering
before landing in England” anymore. Then, the Soviet leaders
retorted to a desperate step. Five days before the outbreak of the war, the Izvestiya newspaper
published a TASS announcement. “The English and other foreign media
are spreading rumors about the imminent war
between the USSR and Germany. According to the Soviet circles,
the rumors about Germany planning at attack at the USSR are completely groundless”. With these hints, the Soviets attempted
to invite the Germans to negotiate. However,
the German leadership kept dead silence. Stalin reacted immediately. The troops stationed deep
in the country’s interior were ordered to move westwards. The red button was finally pressed. In three days after the TASS announcement,
Sorge reported: “The war is delayed
until the end of June”. There was still a glimmer of hope –
“We’ll be in time”. However, it was too late. Less than a week remained
until the attack. All in all, by June 22 the Red Army was separated into three echelons from the western border to the Dnieper. A considerable part of the troops
still remained deep in country’s interior or only began its movements to the west. The German troops were already concentrated
on the Soviet borders. Reference. By the start of the war,
34 German divisions opposed 21 Soviet divisions
in the first echelon in the Baltics. In Belorussia, 26 divisions of the Red Army stood against 36 German divisions. In Ukraine, 45 Soviet divisions were lined up against 57 divisions
of the Wehrmacht. The Red Army outnumbered the enemy
in tanks and aircraft but was desperately behind
in the number of divisions that could engage in combat
simultaneously. On June 21, the German commandment send a prearranged Dortmund signal and confirmed the start
of the Barbarossa operation in the morning of June 22. The tanks, armored cars, trucks and cars moved towards the border. In the evening of June 21, the German commanders
lined their soldiers up. Shining at the papers with a flashlight, they read Hitler’s address to them. “The very existence of the German nation
now rests in your hands”. In the future war,
the soldiers of the Wehrmacht were to stick to formulas like in General Hoepner’s order: “Our struggle’s task
to reduce present-day Russia to ruins shall be conducted
with unprecedented cruelty”. However,
not all soldiers wanted to participate in the “rescue of the civilization”
in this way. After listening to his commander,
a miner Alfred Liskov ran to the border, crossed the Bug River and surrendered
to the Soviet border guards. Stuttering, the nervous miner
informed them that at dawn of June 22, the German troops would cross the border. No sooner had the miner dried his clothes than his words were relayed to Stalin. Similar information was received
from Gerhard Kegel, a Soviet agent in the German Embassy. In the morning of June 21, he reported that “the war will start
in the nearest 48 hours”. During a pressing meeting in the Kremlin,
Zhukov, Timoshenko and Vatutin managed to persuade Stalin
to take urgent measures at the borders. A directive on bringing the troops
to state of combat readiness was drafted and signed – though with a remark
on possible German provocations. Just after midnight, on June 22,
the directive was wired to units. Minsk. At night, the commander
of the district General Pavlov arrived to the headquarters
of the Western Special Military District. The army commanders
were already waiting for him there. From Grodno, Pavlov received a report:
“The bullets have been distributed. We’re taking positions
at the fortifications”. The report was sent by the commander
of the Third Army Vasiliy Kuznetsov. Vasiliy Ivanovitch Kuznetsov,
the Hero of the Soviet Union, Colonel General,
participated in the First World War. During the Civil War,
he became the commander of a regiment. He began the Great Patriotic War
at the age of 47 years and fought from its first
to the very last day. The words “possible attack”
didn’t surprise Kuznetsov. Engines had been roaring at the other side
of the border for many hours now. It was the morning of June 22. Raiding parties of the so-called
Brandenburg 800 Training Regiment, a secret unit of the Wehrmacht,
were the first to cross the USSR border. The Germans saboteurs,
dressed in the Red Army military uniforms, started to seize bridges
across the Bug River. The German aircraft were already
in the air. They flew to bomb large cities and,
most importantly, airfields the whereabouts of which
were earlier disclosed by Rowel’s scouts. On the ground,
the hostilities hadn’t started yet. The Germans knew – if the bomber planes
crossed the border together with the land troops, the Soviet aviation would have time
to get combat ready. The airplanes of Luftwaffe
were flying eastwards, towards rising sun. It was Sunday. Graduation parties had just finished
in the Soviet schools. The brass orchestras
had just packed their instruments, and ex-students went out to meet the dawn. As per tradition, the young residents
of Moscow went to the Red Square. Pupils from Kiev
went to the banks of the Dnieper. White nights started in Leningrad. That morning,
the sun rose over Moscow at 3:45 a.m. By that time, the German planes
had set the battle routes. In 15 minutes, they opened bomb hatches and dropped bombs at the cities. The Great Patriotic War broke out… The Germans worried for a reason. A commander of one of the fighter regiments
Captain Berkal heard a cannonade at the border and raised the alarm. At 4:06 three squadrons
took off to the skies and became the first to resist the enemy. They shot down three German plans
in a battle. The Mlynov airfield in Ukraine
became a real cemetery for the German bombers. There, the Edelweiss squadron
lost seven Junkers that were shot down. The Soviet aviation wasn’t destroyed
during the first minutes of the war. The majority of the planes withstood
and repulsed the first attack. However, the aviation regiments
couldn’t withstand continuous bombings. The technical stuff didn’t have enough time
to prepare the planes for taking off, they lacked fuel and ammunition. After four to five raids, aviation units
were practically eliminated. Many reserve airfields were being repaired. Their take-off strips were dug over
and crammed with equipment. Therefore, the Soviet pilots
couldn’t move to the reserve airfields from the destroyed ones. The commander of the aviation
of the Western Front in Belorussia General Kopetz flew
around the airdromes of his units in his fighter plane. On seeing the terrible scenes
of destruction, General shot himself after landing. On June 22, 1941
Belorussia lost 700 planes that was almost a half
of the Front’s aviation. In Ukraine,
Soviet aviation lost about 300 airplanes, almost one sixth of the entire number. In the Baltics,
over a hundred of planes were destroyed, that corresponded to one tenth
of the general number. The first blow was strong but not deadly. The Military Air Force
of the Red Army continued to fight and considerably
disrupt the further German advance. At 4:15 a.m. the German land troops
moved forward. In the Baltic states, Hoth’s tanks
crossed 50-70 km in a few hours and seized the bridges
by Alytus and Merken. Inspired by that, Hoth wrote: “We were pleasantly surprised to seize all three bridges across Neman intact”. An even more attractive goal
was looming in front of them. Hermann Hoth recalled: “In truth, everybody wanted to move
towards Moscow as fast as possible”. Meanwhile,
his tank group delivered a blow at Vilnius which led to the encirclement
of the Western Military District troops in Belorussia via the Baltics. There was a point on the border
between the USSR and Germany, the events in which developed
according to an unexpected scenario – moreover, the worst possible. The Brest Fortress. In its caserns, units of
two Soviet divisions were stationed though only one battalion
was to stay there. In a case of hostilities, the other units
were to take defensive positions to the north and south from the fortress. In the morning of June 22, the divisions
got under artillery fire and bombing. The fortress became their mousetrap. However, the German plans
to seize the fortress were disrupted too. Instead of planned few hours,
the struggle lasted for a couple of days. The garrison was divided
into separate resistance groups. It was fighting for every centimeter and sometimes the soldiers
even had to engage in bayonet attacks. In four days, the Germans managed
to seize the main fortifications, and the defenders moved
to the Kobryno fortification and citadel. Four hundred survivors
under the command of Major Gavrylov were repulsing 7-9 attacks per day. On June 29-30, the Germans started
a two-day long storm of the fortress and managed to seize the Citadel. The besieged had neither water nor food. However, shooting didn’t stop
in the fortress for long. Only in a month, on July 23 did the Germans manage
to take wounded Gavrylov prisoner. Dr. Voronkovitch
who was treating Major remembered that the prisoner was very exhausted and almost unconscious from weakness. He was so weak he couldn’t swallow. However, the German soldiers
said that just an hour ago, Major was shooting at them and killed and wounded a couple
of soldiers by throwing grenades. Gavrylov Petr Mikhaylovitch,
the Hero of the Soviet Union, Major. He was held prisoner in the Hammelburg and Ravensbruñk concentration camps
until May of 1945. After the liberation, he was restored
in the army in his former rank. He found his family only in 1955. He was awarded
with title of the Hero in 1956. He was buried in Brest. On bypassing Brest,
Guderian’s tank group crossed the Bug and moved eastwards. The tanks of the motorized corps
were one of the few advantages on the border regions of the USSR. In the western districts,
there were around 10,000 of them. The mobility of the tank troops
allowed to quickly transfer them in the directions of the enemy blows. However, such counter-attacks proved fatal for Soviet light machines like T-26 and BT. The front armor of T-26 tank
was only 15 mm thick, while BT’s – 22 mm. The German guns could easily pierce it. The 45-mm guns of the Soviet machines
could shoot through the front armor of the enemy tanks only
when firing point-black. The technology of producing the shells
was incorrect, so they simply cracked
on hitting the German hard armor. The outcomes of the tank battles
were shocking. On the second day of the war,
in a battle by Pruzhany the Soviet and German tank divisions
engaged into a battle. The battle turned into a massacre. In a couple of hours, over a hundred
of T-26 tanks were hit and burnt. On the third day of the war,
in the battle by Voynitsa, the Red Army lost about 150 T-26 tanks. On the fourth day of the war
in the Baltics by the town of Poshile, the T-26 tanks delivered a counter-blow. In a couple of hours,
the 28th Tank Division had only 50 tanks out of 130. Everything that the Soviets
were so proud of in the pre-war years was burning brightly,
emitting thick black smoke. Reference. For the war with the USSR,
the German commandment allotted 4,078 tanks
and self-propelled artillery machines. A half of that stock consisted
of outdated and light tanks. There were only 1,404
of new T-3 and T-4 tanks. The Wehrmacht’s tank division had 200 tanks and 2,147 cars. The Soviets had 375 tanks
and only 1,360 cars. Due of the lack of transport and
destruction of the rear by German tanks, the Soviet units were struggling
with deliveries of fuel, ammunition and spare parts. It led to huge military losses in the tank units of the Red Army. The German tankmen
were throwing themselves in battles being fully conscious of their advantage. They were surprised
to meet a strong adversary. The battle by the town of Radekhiv. A tankman of the 11th Tank Division
Gustav Schroedek wrote: “We fired the first shell at them.
We hit the first tower. The second shot, and another hit. The main tank keeps moving forward. Where is the advantage of our tanks? We were always told that one spit
of our guns is enough to stop the enemy!” The tankman of the Wehrmacht reported
that during one of the tank battles in the Baltics the German shells simply
bounced off the new Soviet tanks. By Rasseynya, the Soviet heavy tanks
withstood many hits, burst into the enemy positions,
and crushed guns, trucks and equipment
with their caterpillars. The German secret service
didn’t have any info about these tanks. It took incredible efforts
and the might of 80-mm antiaircraft guns firing point-black to repulse
the attack of those incredible monsters. The new Soviet tanks
bore the names of KV and T-34. It would be a misconception to think
that they were invincible. Even during the first days of the war,
the Germans had means to fight them – the armor-piercing sub-caliber shells. Reference. The sub-caliber shells
had high-resistance cores made of tungsten alloy. When hitting the armor,
the light frame of the shell remained outside while the core
was piercing it, penetrating the tank. Such shells allowed the German tanks
to destroy the Soviet KVs from 200 m and antiaircraft guns – from 400 m. T-34 was vulnerable from large distances. However,
both KV and T-34 remained a serious weapon in the hands of the Soviet commandment. Kuznetsov’s Third Army
by Grodno was the only one that met the Germans
with the artillery fire. The actions of Kuznetsov’s troops
restrained the large forces of the German Ninth Army. The German General Ott remembered: “Stubborn resistance of the Russians
forces us to carry the battle according to all the rules
of the war textbooks. In Poland and in the West we could take some liberties,
but here it’s unacceptable”. Lieutenant General Kuznetsov was the first
to deliver a tank counter-blow. The Soviet Sixth Mechanized Corps
had almost 1,000 tanks including 350 T-34s and KVs. He had to choose the direction
in which to use them fast. When the reconnaissance reported
on concentration of the Germans by Grodno where Kuznetsov’s army was acting,
the commander of the Front Pavlov had no doubts as to where
he should send the mechanized company. Reference. The Sixth Mechanized Corps
ceased its existence before having an opportunity to demonstrate
its high battle capabilities. The tanks simply didn’t have enough fuel
or means to replenish the stock as the Soviet rear laid in ruins. When the Germans surrounded the corps, the tankmen blew the remaining tanks up. It later became known that only the infantry
of the German Ninth Army arrived to Grodno. So while the Sixth Mechanized Corps
was ramming its positions, Hoth’s tanks were moving towards Vilnius
without any hindrance. The German attack at the airfield
deprived the Soviet command in Belorussia of the aviation
as a means of reconnaissance. Due to that, Pavlov believed
that the German group by Brest amounted to no more
than one or two divisions. But early in the morning
on the third day of the war a map from the headquarters
of the defeated German motorized unit was found in a run-down officer’s car
by Slonim. It took a day to deliver that document
to the headquarters of the front. For an ex-tankman Pavlov, one glance at the trophy
was enough to realize his terrible mistake. Instead of one tank division,
an entire Second Tank Group of Guderian was moving from Brest towards Minsk
and Bobruisk. It consisted of three corps, each of which included
a couple of tank and motorized divisions. It meant the threat of encirclement
for a major part of the entire Western Front troops. Pavlov reacted immediately. He gave an order
on the general retreat to the east. However, it was too late. Guderian’s tanks burst into Slonim and blocked the only road Belostok-Moscow. In the woody and boggy Belorussia control even over one single road
had key meaning. There were simply no other roads
for retreat there. Reference. The main shock groups
of the Germans were formed as tank groups which were quickly moving forward
crushing the defense of the Red Army or simply bypassing it. The tanks were moving first of all
into the rear of the Soviet troops, towards the main objects of the operation. To avoid becoming targets
for the Soviet aviation, the German tanks didn’t stay
in the seized villages or towns even for a single day. After the arrival of the infantry,
the tank units regrouped and continued their march eastwards
until they had enough of fuel and shells. The columns of armored trucks
accompanied the mechanized groups of cars and motorcycles. The motorcyclists
were usually riding in front, doing the reconnaissance and engaging
into battles with any enemy they disclosed. Well-organized cooperation
with the aviation allowed the German tankmen
to move forward practically unhindered. The commanders of the Second
and Third Tank Groups – Guderian and Hoth – wanted to go to Moscow. But both of them received a dubious order: “The main target is Minsk”. Here, two Generals demonstrated
different approaches towards the execution
of the highest orders. Hoth grumbled but turned towards Minsk while Guderian kept going eastwards; he only sent a part of his troops
to Minsk. The city had been bombed heavily
since the first days of the war. “Minsk was on fire;
the sky was constantly thick with smoke.” Only the old fortifications
to the west of Minsk, a part of so-called Stalin Line
offered some hope. Reference. The Stalin Line
was a name given by the German propaganda and Western mass media to a system
of defensive constructions on the old border of the USSR. It consisted of a row of fortifications stretching from the Karelian Isthmus
to the Black Sea. The fortifications
which had premises for artillery and pillboxes for machine guns
were from 50 to 150 km long. In 1939,
after the USSR annexed new territories, the equipment was transferred
and moved from the Stalin Line to a line in 300 km to the west of it
where the construction of a new, so-called Molotov Line began. However, it wasn’t finished
by the outbreak of the war. Obeying the order,
Hoth threw his main forces at Minsk. However, he didn’t manage
to seize the city in one blow. One of his German divisions burst through
an unoccupied part of the Stalin Line but was counter-attacked. Its vanguard units were encircled. The rest of the troops,
as Hoth himself later recalled, carried “hard battles to cross the line
of fortifications along a highway”. The German tactics perfected over the years
was still yielding good results. On the battlefield, a German tank battalion
was positioned as a wedge. Most often, not the point of the wedge but its base was turned to face the enemy. Due to this position,
the front of attack was narrow. However, it allowed 50-60 tanks
to attack at once in a section of just about one km long. In 1941, the Soviet defense
antitank cannon divisions were spread evenly along the entire front. Therefore, no more than 5-10 cannons
were set at the place of the attack. The enemy tanks could simply crush
those few cannons and then attack the defense line
along the flanks and the rear by turning to the right
and to the left. The Soviet troops
were also experiencing technical problems. The 45-mm antitank cannons
could only pierce the frontal armor of the German tanks
from short distances. They lacked stronger 76-mm guns. The result was easily predictable. After two days of battles,
the Germans crushed the resistance of the Soviet units in pillboxes by Minsk, and on June 28 the Fascist tanks
entered the city. All Pavlov could do was to witness
inevitable surrounding with desperation. Many years have passed, and we may accuse Pavlov of many things
he hadn’t done properly. However, the commander made
one very important step – he gave an order to retreat as soon as the threat of encirclement
loomed on the horizon. Thanks to that, many soldiers
and commanders got a chance to survive. The troops were moving away
from the border towards Minsk. Nobody considered surrender. The units kept battle order
and were well-disciplined. The Third Army led by Kuznetsov
was retreating too. The German infantry followed
at its heels, and the German aviation kept attacking. The so-called bottleneck
by Volkovysk posed another threat. It was a place
where the number of highways and crossings leading from west to east
was decreasing significantly. Kuznetsov’s troops were moving fast. The Germans failed to block the units
on their way to Volkovysk. Kuznetsov’s units
crushed the German shock units from the crossings at the Neman river. However, after overcoming the bottleneck, the Soviet troops got squeezed by two
German tank groups to the west of Minsk. The troops appeared
to get from one encirclement into another. By Minsk, remainders of Kuznetsov’s army
joined the defenders of the city. A meeting to discuss what they should
do next took place at the headquarters. Kuznetsov rejected a suggestion
of starting a guerilla war. It proved to be difficult to make
the right choice out of two options – either to burst to the north-west
through Hoth’s troops or to the south-east where Guderian’s units were. They decided to choose the second,
shorter way to the Soviet forces. Had Guderian
executed the order of commandment in the same way as Hoth, the chances of the Soviet units
to burst through would be close to nil. However, Guderian was dreaming of Moscow, and sent his main forces eastwards. Evaluating Guderian’s actions,
Hoth was very harsh: “The Second Tank Group failed to fulfil
its task to close up the encirclement”. The positions of the German units on the south and south-east
of the cauldron were not solid. The remainders of Kuznetsov’s army
bypassed the highways. They crossed woods and bogs
without any ammunition, but managed to burst out
of the encirclement. However,
by that time the front moved far eastwards. Kuznetsov’s troops had long weeks
of wandering the woods ahead of them. The breaking out of the encirclement in summer of 1941 was
a strike of rare luck. A cauldron by Belostok and Minsk,
for instance, claimed over 270,000 of lives of soldiers
and commanders of the Red Army. The Soviet units tried
to break through the bottleneck by stubborn attacks
at the German positions. However, the Germans outnumbered them
and held onto their positions. Two weeks
after the beginning of the war, the resistance of the surrounded troops
was crushed. The first large-scale defeat
was a major blow to the reputation of the Red Army
and the state. The commander of the Western Front Army
General Pavlov, head of the headquarters of the Front
General Major Klimovskikh, commander of the Fourth Army
Major General Korobkov and a couple of other war leaders
were arrested. At the interrogations,
Pavlov didn’t recognize his guilt and referred to objective circumstances. The mistakes made by Pavlov were typical
for the Soviet commanders of that period. However, partial interrogators
could interpret them as treason. The arrested war leaders
were convicted and later executed. During the first year of the war, the South-Western Front in Ukraine
avoided major battles. The Germans only penetrated
the interior there for 150-170 km. However, the catastrophe in Belorussia
forced the South-Western Front to surrender the last reserves and to retreat towards the Stalin Line
and the Dnieper. Due to the battle successes on the border the German commandment
felt like winners. Thousands prisoners, captured Soviet tanks and machinery were crying victory. The commander of the General Headquarters
of Germany Franz Halder wrote: “It won’t be an exaggeration to say that the campaign against Russia
will be won in 14 days”. Smolensk was the Germans’ next target. However, it turned out to be a tough case due to the factors
which the Germans underestimated. The first one was that the German troops
which had crossed the border in a compact crowd,
were now scattered over the territory stretching from the Baltics to Ukraine. The second factor was that Soviet armies
of the internal districts now engaged in battles. They failed to arrive to the border
in time but were now ready to fight
by the Dnieper and Dvina. Hoth’s and Guderian’s tank groups
moved to the east. Their mission
was to push further eastwards and to join forces
to the east of Smolensk. However, they failed to repeat the success
of the Minsk cauldron by Smolensk. This time, it had nothing to do
with Guderian’s willfulness. The motorized corps fell under the blow
of the newly arrived Soviet armies and went into defensive. Soon, Hoth had to defend himself too. This troops left Velikiye Luki. It was the first big Soviet city
liberated from the Germans. The tank groups of Wehrmacht
moved much further forward and remained
without the support of the infantry which meant the threat of defeat. The Germans managed
to turn the situation around only after the arrival
of the field infantry armies. The Army Group North
was in a state of crisis too. The advance at Novgorod faulted. Moreover, the German Eighth Tank Division
was encircled in Soltsy on approaching Novgorod
and was forced to break out. A German officer recalled in his diary: “We don’t have a feeling
that we entered a defeated country that we had experienced in France. Instead of it,
we get resistance, constant resistance, no matter how helpless it might be”. By August, the Red Army
managed to stabilize the situation. The front line was established; it became a salvation
for many small groups of Soviet fighters breaking out of encirclements. In a month about a break-through by Minsk
and wandering about the woods, Kuznetsov’s group
finally joined the Soviet forces. There were many groups
like that in summer of 1941, many numbering
from a dozen to 1,500 people. They wanted to cross the front line to continue fighting in the field army. Guderian was preparing
for a new offensive towards Moscow. On August 21, his troops
took the positions by Starodub. But that very same day,
Hitler issued a directive that positively shocked
the commandment of the army groups. General Halder called it decisive
for the entire Eastern campaign. The Wehrmacht temporarily
renounced its plans to attack Moscow. Hoth received an order to turn northwards
in the direction of Leningrad and rush to Hoepner’s rescue. Guderian was ordered to turn south to encircle the Soviet troops in Ukraine. Guderian flew to Berlin
and pressed for a meeting with Hitler. He tried to talk him over, insisting and proving that the Germans
should attack Moscow, and attack immediately. Guderian recalled:
“I pointed out to harsh consequences which were bound to arise
shall operations in the south take longer than expected. In this case, it will be too late
to attack Moscow this year”. Fuehrer and his commandment
remained adamant. In the end of August, Guderian’s
tank group moved southwards, to the rear of the South-Western Front. Meanwhile, the Germans had already seized
a couple of bridgeheads on the Left Bank of the Dnieper
to the south of Kiev. However,
Guderian needed time to reach any of them. After breaking out of the encirclement, General Kuznetsov headed
the 21st Army that took positions on the way of the Second Tank Group. The Soviet commandment
was faced with a choice – either to hold defense along the Dnieper
or to retreat eastwards and even the front line. The Dnieper was a very strong position and it didn’t seem right
just to abandon it. It’s much more difficult
to construct fortifications in open field than on a bank of a major river. The retreat was only seen
as a last resort. The scouts were watching
the movements of the German tanks, and in the end of August
the risk still seemed reasonable. In the end of August, the main enemy
for the South-Western and Southern Fronts, the First Tank Group of Kleist
was still much further to the south, in the lower parts of the Dnieper. The Soviet secret service also witnessed
the turn of Guderian’s divisions. In August and September of 1941, the Red Army
was in desperate need of the tanks. Its mechanized corps burnt in the fire
of the first months of the summer battles, and it didn’t have what to fight
the German tank divisions with. Kuznetsov’s 21st Army
only had 16 tanks at its disposal. In the beginning of September,
Guderian’s troops broke through defense of the 21st Army
and moved towards Lokhvitsa, a town in 200 km to the east of Kiev. Guderian was almost in the rear
of troops defending the capital of Ukraine. It seemed that time
to order the South-Western Front to retreat eastwards had come. However, the scouts didn’t have
any data on the recent developments of the situation, so Soviet commandment
was slow in taking the decision. The Germans strengthened their positions
by Kremenchug considerably. A bridge across the Dnieper by Kremenchug
was well-reinforced. They also constructed a grandioso
floating bridge almost one km long there. The First Tank Group of Kleist
marched towards Kremenchug in an organized manner. Under a heavy night shower,
the group crossed the Dnieper and came out to Lokhvitsa
which Guderian had already seized. The order to retreat came too late. All the forces
of the South-Western Front by Kiev appeared locked up in an enemy circle. The Kiev caldron beat a grim record by becoming the largest encirclement
in the entire history of the war. The headquarters
of the South-Western Front calculated that 532,000 people were encircled. Out of them, only about 15,000 to 20,000
of fighters managed to break through. The battles in the Kiev cauldron raged
until the end of September of 1941. The number of the Soviet tanks
captured by the Germans is a real symbol of that catastrophe. There were 50 of them. Meanwhile the Army Group Center, deprived of the support
of Guderian’s and Hoth’s tanks, was repulsing the attacks
of the Soviet tanks by Smolensk. In those battles,
the Soviet guard troops were born. On September 6,
the 100th Shooting Division was awarded with a title of the First Guard Division
for the liberation of the town of Yelni. The battles raged all along the front. Hoth later wrote: “The losses were considerable,
especially in the lower commandment sector. The damages were larger
than during the previous offensives and could be only partially replenished”. It was the third month of the war
out of the four which the Wehrmacht had allotted for the war with the USSR. The forces of the German divisions
were dwindling and the prospects of completing
Operation Barbarossa seemed bleak. However, the situation
of the Red Army was no less critical. The encirclement of the South-Western Front
forced the Soviet commandment to mend the gap in the front line,
and the offensives by Smolensk exhausted not only the enemy
but the Soviet divisions too. The last battles
with the encircled Soviet units by Kiev were still raging when the tank groups
of Guderian, Hoepner and Hoth directed their forces
towards Moscow again. In just a couple of months, Guderian
will be withdrawn from the commandment. Hoepner will be demoted
for cowardice and disobeying the orders. Only Father Hoth will keep his post. General Kuznetsov
will survive the offensive by Moscow, battles by Stalingrad,
at Donbass and at the Baltics. In spring of 1945, the Third Army
led by General Kuznetsov will storm Berlin and the Reichstag. On May 1 of 1945,
the soldiers of the 150th Division of General Kuznetsov’s Third Army
Alexei Berest, Mikhail Yegorov and Meliton Kantaria will raise
the banner of victory over the Reichstag. Meanwhile,
it was the third month of the war. Only a couple of days remained
until the Battle of Moscow.


100 thoughts on “Великая Война. 1 Серия. Барбаросса. StarMedia. Babich-Design”

  • Твари все перекрутили Гитлер защищался от кровожадного коварного Сталина а лучшая защита это нападение

  • Александр Бобарчук says:

    Лучшая документальная серия фильмов о ВОЙНЕ, которые я когда-то видел!

  • Сергей Пушкарёв says:

    Как интересно рассказывают. Полностью обосрались при превосходстве во всем, а рассказывают и выворачивают это так будто героически сражались и чуть ли не побеждали. Вся инфа была. Лям народа на границу немцы приперли и никто и не заметил. Тучи самолетов никто не заметил и танков. Они там совсем конченые были??? хотя чему я удивляюсь, напади кто сейчас будет точно тоже самое

  • СССР вступил официально в ВОЙНУ 17 сентября 1939г. А 22 июня 1941г. – это уже поздние последствия. Тут у некоторых пазлы в голове не складываются, смотрю, никак. Мозг себе и другим выносят. Вторая Мировая есть лишь продолжение Первой Мировой войны. Великая Отечественная является прямым продолжением Гражданской междоусобицы. Только в таком кодовом ключе можно понять общую картину 20 века. И война Гражданская тлеет до сих пор! Не смогли коммуняки вытравить Святой Дух со Святой Руси. Сказал Господь: не судите, да не судимы будете, ибо каким судом судите, таким будете судимы; и какою мерою мерите, такою и вам будут мерить. И что ты смотришь на сучок в глазе брата твоего, а бревна в твоем глазе не чувствуешь? Или как скажешь брату твоему: «дай, я выну сучок из глаза твоего», а вот, в твоем глазе бревно? Лицемер! вынь прежде бревно из твоего глаза и тогда увидишь, как вынуть сучок из глаза брата твоего. Не давайте святыни псам и не бросайте жемчуга вашего перед свиньями, чтобы они не попрали его ногами своими и, обратившись, не растерзали вас. Просите, и дано будет вам; ищите, и найдете; стучите, и отворят вам; ибо всякий просящий получает, и ищущий находит, и стучащему отворят. (Мф., 20 зач., 7, 1–8) Всё по грехам по нашим! Не хотите царя Николая II и патриарха Тихона, получайте псевдопРезидента ПУТИНА и лжепатриарха Кирилку Гундяя. По стаду и пастухи! Отвернулись от Бога?-жить вам среди бесов! Третьего не дано! Между Добром и Злом нет тамбура и демаркационной линии. Либо Добро либо Зло! Кто не борется со злом, уже творит Зло. Все просто, а дьявол в мелочах (официальные религии, политические партии, нации, границы, законы, денежные фантики и политика). «Узнаете вы их по делам их!»-сказал Господь. (Доктор Линч)

  • мечтаю отправити савремений оружия ссср штоби немци удивилиси штоб немци проиграли

  • 4:35 – еще один превед Резуну-Суворову, вещавшему что Сталин якобы сам готовился напасть на Германию.
    Это выходит даже не сам Резун придумал, а старательно переписал методичку, написанную конторой доктора Геббельса.

  • николай николаев says:

    Посмотрите ролик Н. НИКУЛИНА "воспоминание о войне" прекрасное чтение Краско

  • Как можно быт добавить субтитры на болгарски? Я сделал перевод 1-я серия.

  • science & technology says:

    Вас обманывают. Почему Москва всегда говорит, что они антифашисты, когда Гитлер и Сталин совместно вторглись в Польшу в 1939 году, чтобы начать Вторую мировую войну в 1939 году ???
    1939-1940 СССР с Германией нападает на Польшу казнив офицеров, затем на Финляндию скидывая бомбя города.
    Оккупируют Латвию, Литву, Эстонию, Бессарабию депортировав местное население.
    И только немцы напав на Москву, сделали коммунистов из таких же фашистов в основных жертв войны.
    "Молотов Вячеслав Михайлович" есть партийная кличка, погоняло, а исходное имя Молотова – Скрябин Вячеслав Михайлович.
    Организатор геноцида
    Молотова считают одним из организаторов генодида народов СССР, массовых убийств, грабежей, и, в частности, организаротом голодомора, голода в Украине 1932 – 1933 годов, вызванного массовой конфискацией продовольствия и прочего имущества украинских фермеров, вплоть до семян, необходимых для земледелия.
    Кроме Молотова, главными организаторами голодомора считаются Сталин Иосиф Виссарионович, Каганович Лазарь Моисеевич, Косиор Станислав Викентиевич .
    Иееются изображения брошюры по докладу Молотова от 1937.02.28, обосновывающего массовый террор борьбой против вражеских агентов .
    Пакт Молотова-Риббентропа и Вторая Мировая война
    Молотов известен как ключевая фигура в организации Второй Мировой войны.

    1939.08.23, Представитель Сталина Молотов и представитель Гитлера заключают Пакт Молотова-Риббентропа, который координирует действия советской армии и германской армии в нарушении международных договоров о государственных границах между европейскими государствами в первой части Второй Мировой войны (до ссоры между Сталиным и Гитлером).
    Пакт Молотова-Риббентропа предусматривает советское вторжение в Польшу (и раздел Польши между Германией и СССР). Выполнение этой части пакта осуществляется в сентябре
    Пакт Молотова-Риббентропа предусматривает также советское вторжение в Финляндию. 1939.11.29, Молотов обосновывает советское вторжение в Финляндию в своем выступлении по радио. В ТОРИ загружена текстуализация этой речи 1939.11.29.Речь Молотова.
    Вальс тридцать девятого года есть песня о том, как советскими ветеранами начата Вторая Мировая война.
    Соучастники Молотова
    Молотов уничтожает население СССР и соседних стран при соучастии других советских ветеранов. Из них известны, в частности, Берия Лаврентий Павлович, Ленин Владимир Ильич, Каганович Лазарь Моисеевич, Косиор Станислав Викентиевич, Сталин Иосиф Виссарионович.

    Некоторые из соучастников Молотова упоминаются в статьях Каллистратов Василий Акимович и Карагодин Степан Иванович.
    Имеется база данных советских фашистов, сотрудничавсих с КГБ и, таким образом, тоже являющихся соучастниками Молотова.
    Молотов в искусстве
    Нет, Молотов

    Вальс тридцать девятого года
    1988, Александр Городницкий посвящает Молотову Вальс тридцать девятого года. Аудио с картинами загружено на сайт dailymotion, @t Текстуализация этой песни закопипастнута ниже.
    Полыхает кремлевское золото,
    Дует с Волги степной суховей.
    Вячеслав наш Михайлович Молотов
    Принимает берлинских друзей.
    Карта мира меняется наново,
    Челядь пышный готовит банкет.
    Риббентроп преподносит Улановой
    Хризантем необъятный букет.
    И не знает закройщик из Люблина,
    Что сукна не кроить ему впредь,
    Что семья его будет загублена,
    Что в печи ему завтра гореть.
    И не знают студенты из Таллинна
    И литовский седой садовод,
    Что сгниют они волею Сталина
    Посреди туруханских болот.
    Акт подписан о ненападении –
    Можно вина в бокалы разлить.
    Вся Европа сегодня поделена –
    Завтра Азию
    Коммунизм как необоснованная идеологическая модель был всего лишь вербальным хобби философов и затем был вульгарно использован политиками в жестокой форме фашистских репрессий и войн.

  • Восточная звезда says:

    Не сумели Апостолы заинтересовать патриотической борьбой своих соплеменников. Патриотической борьбой планетарного масштаба – вообще за землю – национальная идея Нового Израиля, которая начинается с освобождения от порабощающих Империй и связана неразрывно с освобождением от греха во Христе. Апостолы начали трудиться на этом поприще, но случилось несчастье – тяжелая травма одного из Апостолов, субстанциональное повреждение, которое стали использовать против Церкви (самих себя). Поняли, как она устроена и стали колоться на мелкие осколки опять.В надежде на Воскресение Христово и что Он всех пожалеет. И появился Апокалипсис. Уже пережитый Церковью в прошлом веке. Получается, что ее Апостольская миссия его одолевает, хотя они и оказываются в положении подобном вышеуказанному. Проповедь о нравственности не очень работает, не знающим куда себя девать мальчикам необходим – Фатерланд. Иначе они начинают творить вот такое (что Россия уже пережила в полноте): "С наступлением дня некоторые Иудеи сделали умысел и заклялись не есть и не пить, доколе не убьют Павла".
    (Деяния св. Апостолов 23:12)

  • "…на Юго-Западном фронте в Украине…" Принцип историчности заключается в том, что повествование должно соответствовать событиям и времени, в котором они проходили. Говорить "в Украине" стали только после 1991 года после шутки М.Н.Задорнова.

  • Ardasher Khurosoni says:

    По мне это лучший документальный фильм про Великую Отечественную Войну. Слава советским народам, ваша память вечна. Дизлайки ставят только конченные мрази, подавитесь своей желчью.

  • Амир Бадрутдинов says:

    Ставке нужно было не передвигать войская у границе.а со всей техникей отступить к линии Днепр-Двина.То тогда удалось бы избежать бомбардировки аеродромов,катастрофы в Белорусии и в Умани.Но история не любит сослагательного наклонения………

  • Waldemar Prigoshi says:

    Кругом ложь с первых слов фильма! Кому это надо? Зачем порочить честь советских солдат и военноначальников? Не могли самолёт на высоте 10км не видеть… это невозможно… да и слышали его на громадном расстоянии! Просто не было истребителей и средств противовоздушной обороны для борьбы с врагом на такой высоте! Почему… совсем другой вопрос!!!

  • Waldemar Prigoshi says:

    Никого немцы не планировали в плен брать….Просто не хватало патронов на пленных… никаких охватов и окружений не планировали эти шакалы, они не могли предположить, что советские войска, имея громадное преимущество в почти всех видах вооурежения не оборонялись вообще… только маленькие соодинения под руководством настоящих военных, кого не удалось или не успели удавить дали отпор врагу!!!!

  • Waldemar Prigoshi says:

    Советская пропаганда не много лучше фашистской! Противно смотреть этот фильм!

  • Татьяна Старцева says:

    Деда я не помню, отец недавно рассказал, что деда призвали в 1937, прошел финскую, Великуй Отечественную, вернулся домой только в 1945 году. О войне дед говорил только одно, что если начнется еще одна, тот он застрелится.

  • Б-52 над кремлем says:

    Когда снимите фильмец о героическом взятии Бреста осенью 1939, вместе с партнерами из Вермахта? О совместном германо-советском параде в нем? О судьбе пленных польских военных? О том как в 1940 были захвачены Вильнюс, Рига, Таллин?

  • гаврилов из немецкого плена сразу поехал в плен русский!!! сволочи всетаки русские власти !!

  • 16:06 выблядки!!на спящих людей бомбы кинули!надеюсь вас там чёрти в аду за это не одно столетие дрючить будут выродки!

  • Пассажирские самолеты люфтганза тоже летали и делали снимки, так что ничего удивительного

  • Кому интересно, прочитайте шикарную книгу великого писателя В.Пикуля «Барбаросса» лучшее что я читал, все факты там

  • Евгений Казинников says:

    графика самая примитивная в фильме на уровне пентиума 4го в игровых заставках

  • Ахметшин Тамерлан says:

    Хороший фильм. Только один косяк- Павлова арестовали за то, что он не выполнил приказ привести войска в боевую готовность.

  • Сегодня первое сентября. Все школьники идут в школу и рыдают. Вот только у меня хорошее настроение. Интересно, с чего бы это?)

  • на первых кадрах уже идут ляпы…"гражданские пилоты" с оружием))) и таких ляпов куча! типичная "исаевщина": человек ни дня не служивший в армии, пытается навязать свое видение архивной крысы…

  • Люблю этот сериал за то, что здесь не рассказывают про НИПАДИМУЮ РАСЕЮ ШТО РАСПЛЮНУФ УНИЧТОЖИЛА НЕМЦЕФ И БЕЗ ЧЬЕЙ ДИБА ПОМАЩИ, как в сериале про первую мировую. К работе подошли честно и с любовью, без кучи лишнего мусора как в опять же сериале про первую мировую.

  • Игорь Цвелых says:

    Грёбаный усатый придурок. Просрать всё. В том числе и жизни миллионов.

  • Фильмы и передачи says:

    Вы только вдумайтесь!

    Если каждого из 27 миллионов погибших в Великой Отечественной Войне
    почтить минутой молчания- мир замолчит более, чем на 50 лет…
    Если все погибшие пройдут парадом памяти -эта колонна будет идти
    почти 19 суток…..


  • Асылбек Мынжасаров says:

    Мой дед танкист казах пал смертью храбрых в битве против с танками вермахта под Курском в Прохоровской битве июль 1943 год есть версия что их танк подбит и сгорел заживо в своей танке вместе с экипажом. Спасибо тебе за победу дедушка.. ты не забыт!!!

  • Андрей Крецкий says:

    Гродно на карте которую они показывают не там расположен даже и близко не там

  • Мальчиш Кибальчиш says:

    Это интересней чем порно! Спасибо и низкий поклон всем, от рядового Вани до генерала Ватутина! С уважением Харьков

  • расул расул says:

    Поганый вражеский ролик. Создатели фильма пробовали построить что либо кроме своего говнофильма

  • Так почему же Гитлер отдал приказ не идти на Москву, раз была такая возможность. В чем были причины?

  • витталий бобров says:

    А вот кто ответит? Про…..ть такое передвижение войск,ну просто невозможно. Ждать,что Германия не нападёт,особенно после первой мировой,ну такое. И вот вопрос! Как так получилось,что внезапно,неготовы и т.д и тп. Кому то это надо было? И зачем? Всю сознательную жизнь,терзает этот вопрос. Мож будут у кого мнения какие на это счёт?

  • Вахтанг Кутателадзе says:

    Озвучка такая, что аж стискиваешь зубы и кажется сейчас сам в бой на немца кинешься… Отличная работа Стар Медиа. Чувствуешь себя участником событий

  • ПримТурист says:

    Спасибо огромное! Мой дед побывал в Праге. В солдатских сапогах. В сорок пятом. Вернулся живой, пройдя всю войну.

  • Я полковник Я командую парадом says:

    Здравствуйте! Планируется ли в обозримом будущем цикл про "Холодную" войну?

  • Абдувохид Саидмаматов says:

    Спасибо тем кто воевал за народ за ссср. Спасибо за победу Мы вас помним и гордимся. Низкий поклон

  • Брати та сестри українці (i євреї та поляки – це і до вас Панове В'ятрович i Туск / Зеленський i Дуда), ось вам урок історії :

    «Если мы, наконец, выиграем войну, я не буду возражать, чтобы уничтожить поляков, украинцев и весь этот бродячий с б р о д» – Ганс Франк – генерал-губернатор оккупированной гитлеровцами Польши (так называемого "Генерал-губернаторства") в 1940—1945 годах.


    "Враждебные нам – м о с к @ л и, поляки и евреи. Уничтожать в борьбе, в частности тех, которые будут защищать режим: переселять в их земли, уничтожать, главным образом интеллигенцию, (…) вообще сделать невозможным «производство» интеллигенции, доступ к школам и т. п. Руководителей уничтожать… Ассимиляция евреев исключается. Hемецкие войска необходимо рассматривать как войска союзников и использовать их успехи для создания собственного государственного устройства, причём часть организационного актива ОУН необходимо присоединить к немецким войскам для работы на Центральной и Восточной Украине."

    – из инструкции «Борьба и деятельность ОУН во время войны» принятой после II Большого Сборa ОУН (бандеровского) в 1941 году… в оккупированом гитлеровцами Кракове.


    Братья славяне, русские, украинцы, белорусы, поляки, чехи, сербы какова была бы наша с вами участь если бы "немытый к а ц а п с к и й, белорусский… да и украинский б и о м у с о р вместе с азятским и кавказским б ы д л о м" не победил в 1945 г. над ухоженными, одетыми в чёрные, стильные костюмы Hugo Boss, голубоглазыми, пахнущими трофейным, французским одеколоном и… коньяком германскими сверхчеловеками? Задаю этот реторический вопрос также Бориславу Бляхеру, Игорю Коломойскому, Володимиру Гройсману, Арсению Бакаю, Дмитрию Гордонy, Иринe Фарион, Циле… Юлии Капительман, Геннадію Адольфовичy Кернесy, Геннадію Олеговичy Корбанy, Володимиру Зеленському, Юлiї Мендель, Віталію Кличкy, Шевелисy Михайловичy Шустерисy, членy президії Російського єврейського конгресу Матвію Юрійовичу Марголісу… Шизофреники, кричите "С л а в а Україні! Героям слава!" забывая что улица, названная в честь Бандеры в Киеве, ведет не в Европу а к Бабьему Яру. Если у вас "та iнших героїв козацького, вiкiнгського i… арійськoго роду" нет желания задаваться этим вопросом предлагаю посмотреть фильмы Хабенского – "Собибор", "Побег из Собибора" Джека Гольда (1987) или "Иди и смотри" (1986 г)… прочитать "Миф двадцатого века" – Альфреда Розенберга и обязательно ознакомиться c "Генеральным планoм "ОСТ" и протоколoм Ванзейской конференции. Mожет быть это вылечит вас от когнитивного диссонанса / пограничнoго раздвоения личности / биполярного расстройства психики.


    Во время Великой отечественний войны все киевские научные работники (многие из них еврейской национальности) были эвакуированы в Уфу, где заботились о них "д и к и е", желтолицые, косоглазые башкирские (ордынские) "н е д о ч е л о в е к и", которые и спасли их от трагической участи краковских профессоров (из Ягеллонского университета) в оккупированой гитлеровцами Польшe.

    Чуваши делились своими военными пайками с эвакуированными из Украины в Чебоксары 500 специалистами Харьковского электрозавода. (Брикер М.Л. Княжевский И.Л., Эдельштейн Г.Ф., Цфасман М.Б., Троцкий О.В., Аксенова В.П… по данным Музея Чебоксарского электро-аппаратного завода.)

    ? ☠ ?

    "Бандера – герой для части украинцев, а потому это нормально и классно". – кандидат в президенты Украины В.А. Зеленский

    ? ☠ ?

    Пан Президент, напомню Вам, что Ваш покойный дед солдат Победы – Семен Иванович Зеленский во время ВОВ был командиром минометного взвода, а потом командиром стрелковой роты 174 полка 57 гвардейской стрелковой дивизии. В 1944 году Семен Зеленский получил два ордена Красной звезды. Он георически сражался на Белорусском Фронте под командованием… Маршала Жукова.

    Жутко смотреть и слушать потомков ветеранов ВОВ облизывающих задницу галицыйско-бандеровской сволочи с кричалкой "С л а в а Україні!" на устах.

    ? ☠ ?

    – Пан Зеленський вы знаете, а мой дед тоже в концлагеpе погиб.

    – Щo, в газовой камере?

    – Да нет, пьяный со сторожевой вышки yпал.


    Україна 2014-2019:

    Хто контролює вулицю той i хазяїн в країнi.


    «Теперь на Украине каждая банда избирает кличку, одна свободнее другой, одна демократичнее другой, а в каждом уезде — по банде».- В.И. Ленин, «Об обмане народа лозунгами свободы и равенства», 19 мая 1919г.


    «Если ты выстрелишь в прошлое из пистолета, будущее выстрелит в тебя из пушки.»


    "Кроме слов Правды у меня оружия нет." – Олесь Бузина.

  • а а Ленинграде стояли белые ночи, в то утро солнце взошло над Москвой в 3 часа 15 минут- сколько трагизма в этой фразе, которая разделила наших дедов, прадедов на , как писал КСимонов на живых и мертвых. Гореть европейским тварям в аду, вместе с мальчиками колями из нового уренгоя.

  • Тимур Россолов says:

    Вечная память всем тем, кто погиб на фронте! Никто не забыт, ничто не забыто!

  • 22 липня 1941 року рішенням військового трибуналу генерал Павлов був засуджений до вищої міри покарання і розстріляний. Похований на підмосковному полігоні НКВС (Розстрільний полігон «Комунарка»).

  • бонус бонус says:

    в описании-великая война???Серьезно!!!???Да вы гандоны,авторы!!!Это -страшная война.

  • Гарри Поттер says:

    Если верить истории – у немцев по тем годам военная техника была современнее чем у СССР. А что если представить то что у немцев эта же техника сороковых голов а у СССР поставить современные наши танки типа Армата истребители какие там последние Су 35 вроде (недавно на авиашоу видел) современные БТРы и прочую технику. Был бы у немцев шанс выстоять против таких машин или наши отшлёпали бы их по быстрому как студенты первоклассников?

  • кирил секретный says:

    Пропаганда Путина.Половина явное вранье.Нет перечисления войск СССР на границе.Архивы откройте козлы.

  • Дмитрий Науменко says:

    А разве СССР не хотел сам напасть на Германию в июле , для чего и стягивал на границу войска ? И разве не в СССР было 2-3 кратное превышение по численности всех войск в т.ч . и танковых ?

  • эмма Анимова says:

    Спасибо вам за сериал! Когда вы сказали т-34 сразу вспомнился фильм…
    Спасибо тем людям которые воевали за нас, за родину!

  • Пару раз минимум в год пересматриваю эту серию документалок! Сделано очень качественно, особенно для незнающих полезно будет.

  • Только социализм мог противостоять немецкому нацизму , итальянскому и испанскому фашизму , японскому феодализму и всему империализму и победить .
    Слава СССР !!!

  • Несмотря на невзапное , вероломное нападения империалистов во главе с Германией Социалистическая система экономики СССР в кратчайшие сроки перевела всю экономику из мирного созидания на военный лад р за короткое время переместила громаднейший свой экономический потенциал из Запада на Восток -за Урал и национальные республики . Не будь социализма человечество пошло бы по пути победы гитлеризма -по пути германского нацизма , по пути рабовладельческого строя , по пути регресса .

  • Dmitry Mahnyov says:

    Ставьте Путину свечи за здравие,без нашего президента туго будет России

  • Мой прапрадед был одним из оборонявшехся в Бресткой крепости, пропал без вести.

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